The Dartmouth/Boston University AIDS International Training and Research Program (AITRP) is a 5-year comprehensive program designed to provide diverse degree and non-degree training to Tanzanian scientists with the overall goal of strengthening research capacity in HIV and tuberculosis at the Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences. This AITRP builds on an existing and successful collaboration which has launched the first efficacy trial for a vaccine against tuberculosis among persons with HIV infection. This collaboration has identified critical training needs and has defined key research objectives for positioning Tanzanian scientists to continue to develop and apply programs to control both HIV and tuberculosis. This AITRP is based on a sequenced plan of training and subsequent research mentored by recognized experts in international public health, health outcomes research, behavioral science, immunology, HIV, tuberculosis and vaccine research. The Program will enhance research capacity in all basic areas (e.g. epidemiology, clinical trials) and will also provide innovative training in new and specialized areas (e.g., mucosal immunity, evaluative clinical sciences) to facilitate the growth and development of novel research projects relevant to the prevention of HIV and tuberculosis in developing countries. The Program will be closely managed by a core faculty group at the three academic institutions with extensive experience in international health training and a strong commitment to ensuring the long-term benefits of the Program for Tanzania. A detailed plan provides for increasing transfer of training and research to Tanzania over the 5-year duration of the Program and for continuous re-evaluation of Program priorities. Guidance and oversight will be provided by a Training Advisory Group with outstanding credentials in international punic health.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
International Research Training Grants (D43)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BDA-K (50))
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Mcdermott, Jeanne
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Dartmouth College
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Kim, Faith; Neke, Nyasule M; Hendricks, Kristy et al. (2014) Deficiencies of macronutrient intake among HIV-positive breastfeeding women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 67:569-72
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Lahey, Timothy; Czechura, Tom; Crabtree, Scott et al. (2013) Greater preexisting interferon γ responses to mycobacterial antigens and lower bacillary load during HIV-associated tuberculosis. J Infect Dis 208:1629-33
Adams, Lisa V; Kreiswirth, Barry N; Arbeit, Robert D et al. (2012) Molecular epidemiology of HIV-associated tuberculosis in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: strain predominance, clustering, and polyclonal disease. J Clin Microbiol 50:2645-50
Balandya, Emmanuel; Wieland-Alter, Wendy; Sanders, Katherine et al. (2012) Human seminal plasma fosters CD4(+) regulatory T-cell phenotype and transforming growth factor-β1 expression. Am J Reprod Immunol 68:322-30
Talbot, Elizabeth; Munseri, Patricia; Teixeira, Pedro et al. (2012) Test characteristics of urinary lipoarabinomannan and predictors of mortality among hospitalized HIV-infected tuberculosis suspects in Tanzania. PLoS One 7:e32876

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