Proposed is a new AIDS International Training Research Program (AITRP) to build sustainable research capacity on primary and secondary prevention of HIV, TB and STIs in the Mexico-US border region, which is experiencing a serious, emerging HIV epidemic. The primary institutional partners will be the two largest public universities in this region: the University of California San Diego (UCSD) and the Universidad Autonoma de Baja California (UABC), in Tijuana. We will also engage other academic partners on both sides of the border: the Graduate School of Public Health at San Diego State University (SDSU), El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF), Xochicaico University and the Institute Nacional de Salud Publica (INSP). Despite extensive binational collaborations, our existing training programs are restricted to U.S. citizens. Across the border region, there is a dearth of researchers who have formal public health training.
Our aims are: 1) To develop sustainable regional research capacity to support training in prevention of HIV, TB and STIs in the Mexico-US border region;2) To promote graduate education at UABC by supporting Masters and PhD level training in Public Health and a culture of mentoring developing scientists;3) To advance knowledge in the prevention of HIV, TB and STIs through binational mentored research projects that will support evidence- based translation of research into policy and practice. To meet these aims, we propose a coherent, multi- disciplinary program of education and training in degree and non-degree experiences, based both in San Diego and Tijuana, which are located less than one hour apart. The mainstay of the degree training will consist of MPH and PhD level training at UABC, with the opportunity for electives offered at UCSD and SDSU, and virtual lectures offered through UCSD, UABC, COLEF and INSP. Non-degree training will include short and long term training experiences offered in the U.S. and Mexico. Given rapid increases in HIV prevalence and incidence documented recently among high risk populations in the Mexico-US border region, our AITRP is poised to leverage existing research and training programs to increase the capacity of Mexican researchers to respond to an emerging HIV epidemic that could soon become generalized.

Public Health Relevance

Mexico is facing a serious HIV epidemic on its northern border with the U.S. While our team has gained a reputation as a national hub, offering training on HIV prevention, federal funding restrictions have prevented us from extending these educational opportunities to Mexican nationals who are not dual citizens. Unlike many AITRPs, our program focuses on an HIV epidemic that has a direct, tangible impact on the U.S.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Type
International Research Training Grants (D43)
Project #
5D43TW008633-03
Application #
8261874
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-ICP2-B (52))
Program Officer
Mcdermott, Jeanne
Project Start
2010-05-01
Project End
2015-04-30
Budget Start
2012-05-01
Budget End
2013-04-30
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$296,595
Indirect Cost
$9,805
Name
University of California San Diego
Department
Family Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
804355790
City
La Jolla
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92093
Pinedo, Miguel; Burgos, Jose Luis; Ojeda, Adriana Vargas et al. (2015) The role of visual markers in police victimization among structurally vulnerable persons in Tijuana, Mexico. Int J Drug Policy 26:501-8
Servin, Argentina E; Strathdee, Steffanie; Muñoz, Fatima A et al. (2015) Vulnerabilities faced by the children of sex workers in two Mexico-US border cities: a retrospective study on sexual violence, substance use and HIV risk. AIDS Care 27:5-Jan
Pinedo, Miguel; Burgos, José Luis; Robertson, Angela M et al. (2014) Perceived risk of HIV infection among deported male injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico. Glob Public Health 9:436-54
Goodman-Meza, David; Pitpitan, Eileen V; Semple, Shirley J et al. (2014) Hazardous drinking and HIV-risk-related behavior among male clients of female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Am J Addict 23:502-9
Robertson, Angela M; Garfein, Richard S; Wagner, Karla D et al. (2014) Evaluating the impact of Mexico's drug policy reforms on people who inject drugs in Tijuana, B.C., Mexico, and San Diego, CA, United States: a binational mixed methods research agenda. Harm Reduct J 11:4
Pinedo, Miguel; Burgos, José Luis; Ojeda, Victoria D (2014) A critical review of social and structural conditions that influence HIV risk among Mexican deportees. Microbes Infect 16:379-90
Werb, Dan; Mora, María Elena Medina; Beletsky, Leo et al. (2014) Mexico's drug policy reform: cutting edge success or crisis in the making? Int J Drug Policy 25:823-5
Pinedo, Miguel; Campos, Yasmin; Leal, Daniela et al. (2014) Alcohol use behaviors among indigenous migrants: a transnational study on communities of origin and destination. J Immigr Minor Health 16:348-55
Servin, Argentina E; Muñoz, Fátima A; Zúñiga, María Luisa (2014) Healthcare provider perspectives on barriers to HIV-care access and utilisation among Latinos living with HIV in the US-Mexico border. Cult Health Sex 16:587-99
Beletsky, Leo; Lozada, Remedios; Gaines, Tommi et al. (2013) Syringe confiscation as an HIV risk factor: the public health implications of arbitrary policing in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. J Urban Health 90:284-98

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