Vector-borne Disease Research Training Program in China This research training application seeks funding to promote career development and capacity building in vector biology research in China. Vector-borne diseases are a major public health problem in China and vector control represents the most effective method for dengue and malaria prevention. However, it is remarkable that given these circumstances vector biology research capacity in China is limited and underfunded. Among major gaps in medical entomological research in China are descriptive, non- mechanistic studies of vector ecology, student knowledge deficiency in mosquito taxonomy, molecular biology and genomics techniques, and disconnection between scientific findings from medical entomologists and vector control policy makers. This training program is designed to fill these major gaps in medical entomology research and vector control in China. The scientific objectives of this training application focus on vector population and community ecology, insecticide resistance genetics, and translational research in malaria and dengue vector control. We propose two tracks of training: long-term training of six Ph.D. students and four postdoctoral fellows from China, and short-term training of ten junior scientists and professional vector control staff, including policy makers in charge of vector-borne disease control. In addition to obtaining research experience in both laboratory-based molecular biology and field- based ecological research, each year we will organize a core training curriculum that focuses on biostatistics and data management, ecology, vector systematics, scientific writing and responsible conduct of research. The core training curriculum will be open to a large audience. The superb infrastructure and capacity in the international training sites (Southern Medical University in China and China CDC) and in the U.S. (University of California at Irvine) are particularly suitable for the proposed training. This training program will contribute significantly to the career development of the Chinese scientists by bridging laboratory and field research experience in vector biology, by equipping them with new technologies, and by enabling them to develop independent or collaborative research projects. The main scientific issues addressed in this application are common to dengue and malaria vectors in the world, thus the findings from our program are anticipated to have general significance in vector-borne disease control in other regions.

Public Health Relevance

Dengue and malaria are important public health problems in China. Improving the local research capacity is essential to the control of dengue and malaria in China. This project will conduct research training in China to promote career development of young Chinese scientists help with and capacity building in vector biology research. The novel insecticide-resistance diagnosis methods and mosquito control products from the project will significantly help with vector control in China.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Type
International Research Training Grants (D43)
Project #
1D43TW009527-01
Application #
8472321
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-IDM-U (56))
Program Officer
Sina, Barbara J
Project Start
2013-09-15
Project End
2016-01-31
Budget Start
2013-09-15
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$150,000
Indirect Cost
$4,643
Name
University of California Irvine
Department
None
Type
Organized Research Units
DUNS #
046705849
City
Irvine
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92697
Li, Yiji; Su, Xinghua; Zhou, Guofa et al. (2016) Comparative evaluation of the efficiency of the BG-Sentinel trap, CDC light trap and Mosquito-oviposition trap for the surveillance of vector mosquitoes. Parasit Vectors 9:446
Wang, Xiaoming; Zhou, Guofa; Zhong, Daibin et al. (2016) Life-table studies revealed significant effects of deforestation on the development and survivorship of Anopheles minimus larvae. Parasit Vectors 9:323
Zhou, Guofa; Lo, Eugenia; Zhong, Daibin et al. (2016) Impact of interventions on malaria in internally displaced persons along the China-Myanmar border: 2011-2014. Malar J 15:471
Chang, Xuelian; Zhong, Daibin; Lo, Eugenia et al. (2016) Landscape genetic structure and evolutionary genetics of insecticide resistance gene mutations in Anopheles sinensis. Parasit Vectors 9:228
Chen, Xiao-Guang; Jiang, Xuanting; Gu, Jinbao et al. (2015) Genome sequence of the Asian Tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, reveals insights into its biology, genetics, and evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:E5907-15
Shen, Ji Chuan; Luo, Lei; Li, Li et al. (2015) The Impacts of Mosquito Density and Meteorological Factors on Dengue Fever Epidemics in Guangzhou, China, 2006-2014: a Time-series Analysis. Biomed Environ Sci 28:321-9
Lo, Eugenia; Zhou, Guofa; Oo, Winny et al. (2015) Molecular inference of sources and spreading patterns of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites in internally displaced persons settlements in Myanmar-China border area. Infect Genet Evol 33:189-96
Li, Yiji; Kamara, Fatmata; Zhou, Guofa et al. (2014) Urbanization increases Aedes albopictus larval habitats and accelerates mosquito development and survivorship. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e3301
Qin, Qian; Li, Yiji; Zhong, Daibin et al. (2014) Insecticide resistance of Anopheles sinensis and An. vagus in Hainan Island, a malaria-endemic area of China. Parasit Vectors 7:92
Xu, Tielong; Zhong, Daibin; Tang, Linhua et al. (2014) Anopheles sinensis mosquito insecticide resistance: comparison of three mosquito sample collection and preparation methods and mosquito age in resistance measurements. Parasit Vectors 7:54

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