In order to study the neural basis of navigation, learning, and memory, it is important to simultaneously record the activity of large populations of neurons involved in execution of behavior. This has been difficult or impossible in awake, freely moving preparations and the anesthetics and paralytics used to facilitate recordings often alter or abolish the relevant behaviors. I propose to establish a fictive swimming assay that allows paralyzed larval zebrafish to navigate through- and interact with a virtual environment. The sensory feedback provided to the animals will consist of visual cues through video projection screens and water flow provided by a computer controlled valve system. The fish are allowed to control these stimuli via activity in their motor-neurons recorded by a set of external suction electrodes. This arrangement makes it possible for immobilized fish to navigate a virtual environment entirely through power of activity in their motorneurons. As a first step we will combine this assay with 2-photon laser-scanning microscopy and allow transgenic fish lines that express genetically encoded calcium indicators in all neurons to navigate through virtual environments while neuronal activity is monitored. The small size and perfect translucence of the larval zebrafish provides in principle no barrier or restriction to these recordings and thus we have access to the whole brain at single cell resolution during these behavioral tasks. We can thus independently monitor the activities of hundreds or thousands of neurons as animals navigate their virtual worlds. As a subsequent step we will implement different learning assays that the animals have to execute in this virtual environment. In principle this will allow us to follow the flow of neural information in a single animal, before, during and after specific training sessions. The large volumes of resulting data will be analyzed and distilled with automated algorithms and the results used to sketc

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
NIH Director’s Pioneer Award (NDPA) (DP1)
Project #
5DP1NS082121-03
Application #
8536978
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZGM1-NDPA-A (01))
Program Officer
Gnadt, James W
Project Start
2011-09-30
Project End
2016-07-31
Budget Start
2013-08-01
Budget End
2014-07-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$819,650
Indirect Cost
$334,650
Name
Harvard University
Department
Microbiology/Immun/Virology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
082359691
City
Cambridge
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02138
Severi, Kristen E; Portugues, Ruben; Marques, João C et al. (2014) Neural control and modulation of swimming speed in the larval zebrafish. Neuron 83:692-707
Portugues, Ruben; Feierstein, Claudia E; Engert, Florian et al. (2014) Whole-brain activity maps reveal stereotyped, distributed networks for visuomotor behavior. Neuron 81:1328-43
Huang, Kuo-Hua; Ahrens, Misha B; Dunn, Timothy W et al. (2013) Spinal projection neurons control turning behaviors in zebrafish. Curr Biol 23:1566-73