College women are at high risk for heavy drinking and sexual assault. In addition, drinking and sexual assault have consistently been found to be related, such that women with a sexual assault history drink more and women who drink are at higher risk for sexual assault. Despite the finding that alcohol is a critical risk factor for sexual assault, alcohol has not been included as a primary component in sexual assault risk reduction (SARR) programs. This project will involve 2 phases. Phase 1 includes the development and piloting of a web-based SARR program utilizing effective components of previous SARR programs for college women including sexual assault education, targeting sexual assault myths, and risk reduction strategies and skills. In addition, Phase 2 will evaluate the efficacy of a combined web-based personalized feedback alcohol intervention and sexual assault risk reduction (SARR) program (alcohol + SARR) compared to a personalized feedback alcohol intervention only condition, a SARR only condition, and an assessment only control condition on drinking behaviors and sexual assault incidence. Other sexual assault-related outcome measures will include sexual assault knowledge, sexual assault myths, alcohol use prior to sexual activity, and sexual assertiveness. The results from this study will be used to incorporate alcohol reduction programs in SARR programs.

Public Health Relevance

Sexual assault risk reduction programs are essential to reducing the high risk of sexual assault for college women. A better understanding of the relationship between sexual assault and alcohol and the development of a sexual assault risk reduction program including an alcohol component has the potential to have implications for the understanding of the prevention and treatment of sexual assault.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
Project #
5F31AA020134-03
Application #
8462490
Study Section
Health Services Research Review Subcommittee (AA)
Program Officer
Freeman, Robert
Project Start
2011-06-16
Project End
2014-06-15
Budget Start
2013-06-16
Budget End
2014-06-15
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$42,232
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Washington
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
605799469
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98195
Gilmore, Amanda K; Maples-Keller, Jessica L; Pinsky, Hanna T et al. (2016) Is the Use of Protective Behavioral Strategies Associated With College Sexual Assault Victimization? A Prospective Examination. J Interpers Violence :
Gilmore, Amanda K; Bountress, Kaitlin E (2016) Reducing drinking to cope among heavy episodic drinking college women: Secondary outcomes of a web-based combined alcohol use and sexual assault risk reduction intervention. Addict Behav 61:104-11
Bird, Elizabeth R; Gilmore, Amanda K; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A et al. (2016) Women's Sex-Related Dissociation: The Effects of Alcohol Intoxication, Attentional Control Instructions, and History of Childhood Sexual Abuse. J Sex Marital Ther :1-11
Gilmore, Amanda K; George, William H; Jacques-Tiura, Angela J et al. (2016) Men's Intentions to Have Sex With a New Partner: Sexual and Emotional Responding, Alcohol, and Condoms. J Sex Marital Ther 42:165-77
Bird, Elizabeth R; Gilmore, Amanda K; George, William H et al. (2016) The role of social drinking factors in the relationship between incapacitated sexual assault and drinking before sexual activity. Addict Behav 52:28-33
Gilmore, Amanda K; Lewis, Melissa A; George, William H (2015) A randomized controlled trial targeting alcohol use and sexual assault risk among college women at high risk for victimization. Behav Res Ther 74:38-49
Neilson, Elizabeth C; Gilmore, Amanda K; Pinsky, Hanna T et al. (2015) The Use of Drinking and Sexual Assault Protective Behavioral Strategies: Associations With Sexual Victimization and Revictimization Among College Women. J Interpers Violence :
Gilmore, Amanda K; Stappenbeck, Cynthia A; Lewis, Melissa A et al. (2015) Sexual assault history and its association with the use of drinking protective behavioral strategies among college women. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 76:459-64
Gilmore, Amanda K; Koo, Kelly H; Nguyen, Hong V et al. (2014) Sexual assault, drinking norms, and drinking behavior among a national sample of lesbian and bisexual women. Addict Behav 39:630-6
Gilmore, Amanda K; George, William H; Nguyen, Hong V et al. (2013) Influences of situational factors and alcohol expectancies on sexual desire and arousal among heavy-episodic drinking women: acute alcohol intoxication and condom availability. Arch Sex Behav 42:949-59

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