Using data from a longitudinal study of inmates in the D.C. metropolitan area, the proposed project aims to investigate the relationship between jail inmates'perceived risk of contracting HIV and their actual risk behavior, in the first year post-release. The study also seeks to better understand the role of connectedness to both the community-at-large and to the criminal community in newly-released inmates'engagement in HIV risk behavior (i.e., risky sex and drug use). Further, the proposed research will explore the impact of degree of community social disorder on HIV risk behavior, along with its interactive effects with community connectedness to predict such behavior. This project will yield new information regarding individual-level cognitive and community attachment factors as well as structural and social influences that may influence HIV risk behavior, thus potentially providing multiple novel targets of intervention in order to reduce the rate of HIV infection in this high risk population.

Public Health Relevance

To reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS contraction in a high-risk population (jail inmates) and in the communities to which members of this population return, the proposed study seeks to explore and better understand the interactive effects of individual, social, and societal influences of HIV risk behavior. The proposed study aims to further knowledge about recently released inmates'risky sexual and needle use behavior in an effort to create effective strategies for reducing the spread of this often-deadly disease.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Type
Predoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F31)
Project #
5F31DA029393-03
Application #
8274780
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BBBP-J (29))
Program Officer
Deeds, Bethany
Project Start
2010-06-15
Project End
2013-06-14
Budget Start
2012-06-15
Budget End
2013-06-14
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$27,389
Indirect Cost
Name
George Mason University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
077817450
City
Fairfax
State
VA
Country
United States
Zip Code
22030
Adams, Leah M; Stuewig, Jeffrey B; Tangney, June P et al. (2014) Perceived susceptibility to AIDS predicts subsequent HIV risk: a longitudinal evaluation of jail inmates. J Behav Med 37:511-23
Miller, Adam B; Adams, Leah M; Esposito-Smythers, Christianne et al. (2014) Parents and friendships: a longitudinal examination of interpersonal mediators of the relationship between child maltreatment and suicidal ideation. Psychiatry Res 220:998-1006