Serotonin (5-HT) and related agonists are well characterized to act upon the 2C isoform of its receptor (5HT2CR) in the arcuate and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus (ARH and PVH) to suppress food intake and exert anti-obesity effects. The specific neuronal targets of 5-HT and related agonists in the ARH and PVH required for such effects are, in contrast, not well defined. Recent work in which 5HT2CR expression was selectively restored to pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons within the ARH identifies that this distinct neuronal sub-set is a strong candidate to be a target. This notion is based on evidence that selective re- activation of 5HT2CRs in POMC neurons rescues the hyperphagic and obese phenotype of 5HT2CR-null mice. Preliminary data in this application also highlights that simple-minded 1 (SIM1) neurons in the PVH co-express 5HT2CRs and may be one type of neuron targeted by 5-HT and related agonists. The current proposal aims to test whether 5-HT and related agonists require 5HT2CR expression in POMC and SIM1 neurons in the ARH and PVH, respectively, to maintain normal body weight and to exert anti-obesity effects. This will be accomplished by combining genetically engineered mouse models in which endogenous 5HT2CR are selectively deleted in either POMC or SIM1 neurons with comprehensive analyses of energy homeostasis and administration of 5-HT agonists m-chloro-phenylpiperazine (mCPP) and D-fenfluramine (d-Fen). The proposed mouse models in which 5HT2CRs will be selectively deleted using cre-lox techniques in either POMC or SIM1 neurons provide a powerful and unique model to assess the physiological relevance and requirement for these pathways. The comprehensive approach to analyze the phenotype of these mice will include histological validation of the mouse model as well as assessments of brain development and neural survival. Metabolic cages studies will also be performed in mice fed chow and high-fat diet to assess food intake, energy expenditure, and physical activity. Taken together, these approaches will provide mechanistic insight into the effects of 5-HT and related agonists in the CNS. The expected findings are that 5-HT and related agonist will require POMC and SIM1 neurons to maintain normal body weight homeostasis and to fully mediate the anti- obesity effects of mCPP and d-Fen. These findings would improve our understanding about how the body controls energy homeostasis and potentially offer new therapeutic targets.
Serotonin (5-HT) and related pharmacological agonists suppress food intake and reduce body weight by activating the 2C isoform of the 5-HT receptor (5HT2CR) in the arcuate and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus (ARH and PVH). The objective of the proposed experiments is to determine whether 5-HT and related agonists require 5HT2CR expression in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons in the ARH and/or simple-minded 1 (SIM1) neurons in the PVH to exert anti-obesity effects. The proposed studies will improve our understanding about how 5-HT acts in specialized neurons of the brain to control energy homeostasis and may identify novel therapeutic targets to combat obesity.
|Williams, Kevin W; Liu, Tiemin; Kong, Xingxing et al. (2014) Xbp1s in Pomc neurons connects ER stress with energy balance and glucose homeostasis. Cell Metab 20:471-82|
|Berglund, Eric D; Liu, Tiemin; Kong, Xingxing et al. (2014) Melanocortin 4 receptors in autonomic neurons regulate thermogenesis and glycemia. Nat Neurosci 17:911-3|
|Berglund, Eric D; Liu, Chen; Sohn, Jong-Woo et al. (2013) Serotonin 2C receptors in pro-opiomelanocortin neurons regulate energy and glucose homeostasis. J Clin Invest 123:5061-70|
|Sohn, Jong-Woo; Harris, Louise E; Berglund, Eric D et al. (2013) Melanocortin 4 receptors reciprocally regulate sympathetic and parasympathetic preganglionic neurons. Cell 152:612-9|