The cardiovascular system circulates oxygen supply in the body, and is also one of the most vulnerable systems to oxidative damage. Oxidative stress has been shown to be involved in various cardiac disorders, including myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and heart failure. Thioredoxins are small proteins that act as antioxidants by reducing disulfide bonds via a thiol-disulfide exchange reaction. The major functions of thioredoxins are to maintain normal protein functions against oxidative modification. In our preliminary studies, using bioinformatic approaches, we identified novel putative protein-protein interaction domains, the coiled-coil (CC) domain, in the nucleotide binding fold (NBF) of SUR subunits of ATP-sensitive K+ (K{ATP}) channel. Using the SUR1 CC domain as the bait in a two-hybrid screen against a rat cardiac cDNA library, we identified thioredoxin-2 as a putative K{ATP} channel interacting protein. Interaction of thioredoxins with the SUR CCdomain was subsequently confirmed using GST pull-down assays. Moreover, co-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that thioredoxin-2 and the cytosolic isoform thioredoxin 1 also direct interact with full-length SUR1 or SUR2 subunit in a heterologous expression system. The presumed proximity of thioredoxins to SUR subunits suggests that thioredoxins are crucial to protect K{ATP} channels against redox modification. Experiments proposed here will 1) use co-immunoprecipitation assays and molecular techniques to characterize interaction of thioredoxins and K{ATP} channel subunits in the heterologous expression system and isolated myocytes 2) use patch-clamp technique at inside-out configuration and pharmacological studies to examine whether thioredoxin binding is functionally relevant to K{ATP} channel activity and to the redox-induced channel modification. It is known that opening of K{ATP} channels protect myocytes under various pathological conditions. This project will provide novel insights in the redox modification of K{ATP} channel functions in cardiac myocytes under physiological conditions as well as the involvement of this modification in pathological states. Elucidation of the role of thioredoxins in regulating K{ATP} channel functions during pathological conditions might provide valuable information to facilitate therapeutic development.

Public Health Relevance

The K{ATP} channel activity responds to alterations in the redox state that occurs in physiological and pathological conditions. Our preliminary study demonstrates that thioredoxins, members of reducing proteins, interact with K{ATP} channels. In this study, we will 1) characterize the interaction between thioredoxins and K{ATP} channels, and 2) explore the functional relevance of this interaction in redox regulation of K{ATP} channel activity under physiological and pathological conditions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Postdoctoral Individual National Research Service Award (F32)
Project #
5F32HL105046-03
Application #
8320284
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-F10A-S (20))
Program Officer
Meadows, Tawanna
Project Start
2010-09-01
Project End
2013-08-31
Budget Start
2012-09-01
Budget End
2013-08-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$53,942
Indirect Cost
Name
New York University
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
121911077
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10016
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Kefaloyianni, Eirini; Bao, Li; Rindler, Michael J et al. (2012) Measuring and evaluating the role of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in cardiac muscle. J Mol Cell Cardiol 52:596-607
Lader, Joshua M; Vasquez, Carolina; Bao, Li et al. (2011) Remodeling of atrial ATP-sensitive Kýýý channels in a model of salt-induced elevated blood pressure. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 301:H964-74
Bao, Li; Kefaloyianni, Eirini; Lader, Joshua et al. (2011) Unique properties of the ATP-sensitive K? channel in the mouse ventricular cardiac conduction system. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 4:926-35