The long-term research goals of our laboratory center on defining signaling events in the microcirculation that underlie the control of oxygen and nutrient delivery to tissue with an emphasis on skeletal muscle during exercise. My working hypothesis is that the local control of blood flow reflects the coordination of activity among endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cell (SMCs) of arterioles and feed arteries (FA) that comprise microvascular resistance networks. When delivered to a discrete site on an arteriole or FA, acetylcholine (ACh;the """"""""gold standard"""""""" endothelium-dependent vasodilator) initiates a Ca+2 wave that travels from EC to EC for hundreds of microns along the intima to promote relaxation of surrounding SMCs by releasing nitric oxide. However little is known of how calcium waves are initiated or propagated in the microcirculation. To directly address this question, I have developed the intact """"""""endothelial tube"""""""" preparation from mouse abdominal muscle feed arteries as a unique model to study the nature of Ca+2 waves independent from the influence of blood flow, transmural pressure, or surrounding SMCs and tissue. Intact microvascular endothelial tubes (diameter, 50-80 5m;length, 1-2 mm) are isolated using microdissection of FA followed by partial enzymatic digestion and gentle trituration. Preliminary studies with dye transfer confirm that ECs throughout the tube are well-coupled through gap junctions and generate robust Ca+2 waves in response to ACh that can propagate more than 500 5m along the tube. My research is focused on understanding how these Ca+2 waves are initiated and how they actually propagate from EC to EC.
AIM 1 will identify the source(s) of Ca+2 for wave initiation and propagation by preferentially inhibiting internal release of Ca+2 from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and/or its influx across the plasma membrane.
AIM 2 will investigate how partial depletion or overloading of intracellular Ca+2 stores affects the initiation and propagation of Ca+2 waves. Resolving the role(s) of intra- and extracellular Ca+2 sources in producing waves will provide new insight concerning how these signaling pathways may contribute to the local regulation of blood flow. In turn, this knowledge will lead to a better understanding of how intrinsic Ca+2 signaling pathways may be altered during such conditions as atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension, and ischemia. My overall goal is to apply the findings of this research to the development of novel strategies for treating vascular disease in which tissue perfusion is impaired.
Relevance Blood flow throughout the body is compromised in many diseased states. Healthy endothelial cells promote flow by relaxing blood vessels but are disturbed in diseased states in ways that are not well understood. Research to be performed in this application will provide important new insight into key regulatory processes that endothelial cells use to relax blood vessels. This information will further our understanding how disease disrupts these essential processes and thereby identify new therapeutic approaches for treating vascular disease to improve blood flow throughout the body.
|Socha, Matthew J; Boerman, Erika M; Behringer, Erik J et al. (2015) Advanced age protects microvascular endothelium from aberrant Ca(2+) influx and cell death induced by hydrogen peroxide. J Physiol 593:2155-69|
|Behringer, Erik J; Shaw, Rebecca L; Westcott, Erika B et al. (2013) Aging impairs electrical conduction along endothelium of resistance arteries through enhanced Ca2+-activated K+ channel activation. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 33:1892-901|
|Socha, Matthew J; Segal, Steven S (2013) Isolation of microvascular endothelial tubes from mouse resistance arteries. J Vis Exp :e50759|
|Socha, Matthew J; Behringer, Erik J; Segal, Steven S (2012) Calcium and electrical signalling along endothelium of the resistance vasculature. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 110:80-6|
|Behringer, Erik J; Socha, Matthew J; Polo-Parada, Luis et al. (2012) Electrical conduction along endothelial cell tubes from mouse feed arteries: confounding actions of glycyrrhetinic acid derivatives. Br J Pharmacol 166:774-87|
|Socha, Matthew J; Domeier, Timothy L; Behringer, Erik J et al. (2012) Coordination of intercellular Ca(2+) signaling in endothelial cell tubes of mouse resistance arteries. Microcirculation 19:757-70|