Obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus are the leading causes of renal and cardiovascular disease in the Veteran as well as in the general US population. In spite of all the beneficial interventions implemented, renal injury progresses in most of these patients. Additional treatment modalities that modulate the pathogenic pathways involved in obesity and diabetic nephropathy are therefore urgently needed. In this proposal we will test the potential role of inhibition of the sterol regulatory element binding proteins in prevention and treatment of kidney disease in obesity and diabetes.
IN SPECIFIC AIM 1 WE WILL DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF RENAL PODOCYTE SPECIFIC SREBP OVEREXPRESSION or RENAL PODOCYTE SPECIFIC SREBP DELETION IN KIDNEY DISEASE IN OBESITY AND DIABETES.
In Specific Aim 1 A we will determine the effects of diet induced obesity and diabetes in development of renal disease in a) wild type vs. b) podocyte SREBP overexpressing mice.
In Specific Aim 1 B we will determine the effects of diet induced obesity and diabetes in development of renal disease in a) wild type vs. b) podocyte SREBP knockout mice.
In Specific Aim 1 C we will determine the direct effects of SREBP silencing or overexpression in response of human podocytes to high glucose or fatty acids.
IN SPECIFIC AIM 2 WE WILL DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF SREBP ACTIVITY INHIBITION IN KIDNEY DISEASE IN OBESITY AND DIABETES. We will determine the effects of dissimilar inhibitors of SREBP activity 1) Betulin, 2) FGH10019, and 3) Metformin in diabetic kidney disease.
In Specific Aim 2 A we will perform preventive studies;that is treatments will be started at the onset of diabetes.
In Specific Aim 2 B we will perform treatment studies;that is treatments will be started once there is evidence of kidney disease which will better simulate the clinical setting.
In Specific Aim 2 C we will determine if Betulin, FGH10019, and Metformin have direct effects to modulate the response of human podocytes to high glucose and fatty acids and if these affects are specifically mediated via inhibition of SREBPs. Impact and Innovation: The potential role of the small molecule inhibitors of SREBP activation in modulating renal disease in obesity and diabetes renal disease is very novel and will have major translational implications for the treatment of diabetes and obesity-related renal and cardiovascular complications. Innovative aspects of this proposal include: a) Determine the effects of recently developed small molecule inhibitors of SREBP activity in the kidney;b) Study mice with kidney podocyte specific knockout or overexpression of SREBPs to determine the direct renal effects of SREBPs in regulation of renal lipid metabolism and kidney disease in obesity and diabetes. c) Determine the effects of SREBP overexpression or knockout and the small molecule inhibitors of SREBP activation in human podocyte cells in culture to determine the direct effects of SREBPs in renal cells independent of systemic alterations in metabolism;d) Mechanistic studies in podocytes in culture to determine how SREBPs modulate podocyte cell function and cell injury.

Public Health Relevance

Obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus are the leading causes of renal and cardiovascular disease in the Veteran as well as in the general US population. In spite of all the beneficial interventions implemented, including tight glucose control, tight blood pressure control, inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme, blockade of angiotensin II type 1 receptor, or mineralocorticoid receptor, renal injury progresses in most of these patients. Additional treatment modalities that modulate the pathogenic pathways involved in obesity and diabetic kidney disease are therefore urgently needed. We have found that in obesity and diabetes there is increased expression of the sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) that result in lipid accumulation in the kidney that cause inflammation and stress. We will determine the effects of kidney specific molecular inhibition of SREBPs as well as the recently discovered small molecule inhibitors of SREBP activity in the treatment of kidney disease in mouse models of diet induced obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Veterans Affairs (VA)
Type
Non-HHS Research Projects (I01)
Project #
1I01BX001954-01A2
Application #
8633925
Study Section
Nephrology (NEPH)
Project Start
2013-10-01
Project End
2017-09-30
Budget Start
2013-10-01
Budget End
2014-09-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
VA Eastern Colorado Health Care System
Department
Type
DUNS #
003252830
City
Denver
State
CO
Country
United States
Zip Code
80220