This application requests a NIAAA Mentored Research Scientist Development Award (K01) for Dr. Stephanie Staras to develop a research program of HIV prevention focused on the intersection of event-level alcohol use (i.e., alcohol use within 2 hours prior to sex) and sexual partner selection among minority adolescents. To accomplish the transition from infectious disease epidemiology to alcohol-related HIV prevention, Dr. Staras needs protected time to increase skills in developing and evaluating alcohol-related HIV preventive interventions among adolescents. Dr. Staras'career development goals are: (1) improve knowledge of theoretical frameworks for alcohol use and HIV transmission among adolescents;(2) strengthen research skills specifically needed to conduct alcohol-related HIV preventive interventions among minority adolescents;(3) increase understanding of ethical conduct of research in HIV prevention;and (4) begin an independent research program on HIV prevention focused on event-level alcohol use and partner selection. She will accomplish these goals through completion of directed studies with mentors, participation in coursework and workshops, and mentored research. The research plan develops and evaluates an HIV preventive intervention focused on event-level alcohol use and sexual partner selection. The research plan is guided by three aims: (1) identify the most important event-level alcohol and partner characteristics associated with unprotected sex;(2) identify the most potent adolescent risk factors for the intersection of risky partner selection and event-level alcohol use;(3) develop and complete a feasibility-trial of a HIV preventive intervention focusing on modifying adolescent partner selection when using alcohol. With support from this K01, Dr. Staras will gain hands-on experience in development and evaluation of alcohol-related HIV preventive interventions, and will be prepared well for an independent career in alcohol-related HIV prevention among minority youth.

Public Health Relevance

: A K01 award will provide Dr. Staras with protected time to transition into an independent scientist in alcohol related HIV preventive intervention research. Through the proposed training activities and mentored research, Dr. Staras will develop and implement a feasibility test of a HIV preventive intervention focused on reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related risky sexual partner selection.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Type
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
5K01AA018255-04
Application #
8452201
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-EE (07))
Program Officer
Bryant, Kendall
Project Start
2010-04-15
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2013-04-01
Budget End
2014-03-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$139,698
Indirect Cost
$10,213
Name
University of Florida
Department
Other Health Professions
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
969663814
City
Gainesville
State
FL
Country
United States
Zip Code
32611
Staras, Stephanie A S; Livingston, Melvin D; Christou, Alana M et al. (2014) Heterogeneous population effects of an alcohol excise tax increase on sexually transmitted infections morbidity. Addiction 109:904-12
Bynum, Shalanda A; Staras, Stephanie A S; Malo, Teri L et al. (2014) Factors associated With Medicaid providers' recommendation of the HPV vaccine to low-income adolescent girls. J Adolesc Health 54:190-6
Staras, Stephanie A S; Vadaparampil, Susan T; Patel, Roshni P et al. (2014) Parent perceptions important for HPV vaccine initiation among low income adolescent girls. Vaccine 32:6163-9
Malo, Teri L; Staras, Stephanie A S; Bynum, Shalanda A et al. (2014) Human papillomavirus vaccine administration among Medicaid providers who consistently recommended vaccination. Sex Transm Dis 41:24-8
Malo, Teri L; Hassani, Donna; Staras, Stephanie A S et al. (2013) Do Florida Medicaid providers' barriers to HPV vaccination vary based on VFC program participation? Matern Child Health J 17:609-15
Vadaparampil, Susan T; Staras, Stephanie A S; Malo, Teri L et al. (2013) Provider factors associated with disparities in human papillomavirus vaccination among low-income 9- to 17-year-old girls. Cancer 119:621-8
Staras, Stephanie A S; Livingston, Melvin D; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M et al. (2013) The influence of sexual partner on condom use among urban adolescents. J Adolesc Health 53:742-8
Reingle, Jennifer M; Staras, Stephanie A S; Jennings, Wesley G et al. (2012) The relationship between marijuana use and intimate partner violence in a nationally representative, longitudinal sample. J Interpers Violence 27:1562-78
Staras, Stephanie A S; Tobler, Amy L; Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M et al. (2011) Riskier sexual partners contribute to the increased rate of sexually transmitted diseases among youth with substance use disorders. Sex Transm Dis 38:413-8