HIV is the leading cause of death in Africa, but only a small portion of the population is aware of their serostatus. Early diagnosis of HIV is essential for treatment of infected individuals as well as for prevention of future infections. HIV testing strategies change the prospects for infected individuals, and shape the course of the epidemic by improving survival of treated individuals and possibly changing HIV risk behaviors. As a result, the World Health Organization recently recommended opt-out testing in highly endemic regions, given the appropriate environment. The proposed research plan will evaluate the relationship between testing and risk behaviors, the epidemiologic implications of different testing strategies, and the cost- effectiveness in sub-Saharan Africa. The revised submission includes a broader geographical focus, additional training activities, stronger institutional support, and a narrowed scope for 2 aims. The project has the following specific aims: 1. Review the evidence on the relationship between HIV counseling and testing and risk behaviors related to sexual transmission of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa; 2. Assess how different testing strategies affect HIV epidemic outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa including prevalence, incidence, infections averted, and HIV-related deaths; 3. Evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different HIV testing strategies in sub- Saharan Africa; 4. Understand how policy makers use models and explore the ways in which models of HIV testing can provide useful inputs to the policy making process. I will evaluate the following HIV testing strategies: voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), scaled up VCT, provider-initiated counseling and testing, provider-initiated testing with limited counseling, and population-based screening. I will evaluate all strategies with limited and full availability of antiretroviral therapy. I am mentored by the PI and co-PI of experienced NIH-funded investigators with 15+ years of experience with HIV policy modeling. It is a product of my personal research objectives and training in infectious disease modeling, cost-effectiveness analysis, and global health. Support for this project will promote informed public health decisions for HIV testing in highly endemic regions, and will prepare me for a research career evaluating HIV treatment and prevention interventions.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
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Study Section
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Research Review Committee (AIDS)
Program Officer
Mckaig, Rosemary G
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Stanford University
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Suen, Sze-Chuan; Bendavid, Eran; Goldhaber-Fiebert, Jeremy D (2014) Disease control implications of India's changing multi-drug resistant tuberculosis epidemic. PLoS One 9:e89822
Alistar, Sabina S; Grant, Philip M; Bendavid, Eran (2014) Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy and pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in South Africa. BMC Med 12:46
Bendavid, Eran; Bhattacharya, Jay (2014) The relationship of health aid to population health improvements. JAMA Intern Med 174:881-7
Juusola, Jessie L; Brandeau, Margaret L; Owens, Douglas K et al. (2012) The cost-effectiveness of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in the United States in men who have sex with men. Ann Intern Med 156:541-50
Bendavid, Eran; Seligman, Benjamin; Kubo, Jessica (2011) Comparative analysis of old-age mortality estimations in Africa. PLoS One 6:e26607
Bendavid, Eran; Grant, Philip; Talbot, Annie et al. (2011) Cost-effectiveness of antiretroviral regimens in the World Health Organization's treatment guidelines: a South African analysis. AIDS 25:211-20
Enns, E A; Brandeau, M L; Igeme, T K et al. (2011) Assessing effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of concurrency reduction for HIV prevention. Int J STD AIDS 22:558-67
Juusola, Jessie L; Brandeau, Margaret L; Long, Elisa F et al. (2011) The cost-effectiveness of symptom-based testing and routine screening for acute HIV infection in men who have sex with men in the USA. AIDS 25:1779-87
Bendavid, Eran; Leroux, Eric; Bhattacharya, Jay et al. (2010) The relation of price of antiretroviral drugs and foreign assistance with coverage of HIV treatment in Africa: retrospective study. BMJ 341:c6218
Bendavid, Eran; Brandeau, Margaret L; Wood, Robin et al. (2010) Comparative effectiveness of HIV testing and treatment in highly endemic regions. Arch Intern Med 170:1347-54

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