Dr. June M. McKoy is an academic geriatrician seeking further training and mentorship relevant to pharmacovigilance and pharmacosurveillance studies in order to improve medication-safety for older cancer patients. Her main area of interest is serious adverse drug reactions (sADRs) in older cancer patients and the completeness and quality of adverse event reporting in this milieu. The long-term objective of this proposal is to build on work previously done in the domain of adverse drug reactions by focusing on novel concepts relative to completeness, quality, and causality assignment among geriatric cancer patients. Serious adverse drug reaction in elderly cancer patients is a health disparities issue that raises patient safety and policy concerns. Adverse drug events reports for older cancer patients are often incomplete and of poor quality, delaying causality assignment with resultant poor health outcome. This proposal will address three specific aims: (1) (For cancer patients of all ages) To evaluate the quality and completeness of adverse event reports in the MedWatch database and the RADAR Program database (RADAR-I &RADAR-II) for patients <65 vs patients >65 years of age;(2) (For cancer patients >65 years of age only) To compare the completeness of adverse event reports in the two databases;(3) (For cancer patients >65 years of age only) To evaluate the quality of causality assessments using the Naranjo tool in the two databases. This proposed study is novel in that while adverse drug events have been evaluated among the general population, no study has previously addressed the completeness of adverse event reports for elderly cancer patients.
For Aims 1 &2 we will review two databases: RADAR I &II and the MedWatch database.
For Aim 3, we will employ the Naranjo tool to assess causality. Dr. McKoy's underlying hypotheses are that reports of sADRs are not as complete for older vs younger cancer patients (>65 years vs <65 years);quality and completeness of sADR reports for patients >65 years are superior in RADAR databases compared with MedWatch database;causality assessment is less often correctly assigned in cancer patients >65 years in MedWatch database vs RADAR database. It is of critical importance that we improve completeness, quality, and assignment of causality within the domain of serious adverse cancer drug events reports in order to enhance pharmaceutical safety among this vulnerable population, and in so doing redress cancer health disparities.
|McKoy, June M; Burhenn, Peggy S; Browner, Ilene S et al. (2014) Assessing cognitive function and capacity in older adults with cancer. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 12:138-44|
|Edwards, B J; Laumann, A E; Nardone, B et al. (2014) Advancing pharmacovigilance through academic-legal collaboration: the case of gadolinium-based contrast agents and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis-a Research on Adverse Drug Events and Reports (RADAR) report. Br J Radiol 87:20140307|
|Nardone, Beatrice; Saddleton, Elise; Laumann, Anne E et al. (2014) Pediatric nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is rarely reported: a RADAR report. Pediatr Radiol 44:173-80|
|Simon, Melissa A; Nonzee, Narissa J; McKoy, June M et al. (2013) Navigating veterans with an abnormal prostate cancer screening test: a quasi-experimental study. BMC Health Serv Res 13:314|
|Edwards, Beatrice J; Usmani, Sarah; Raisch, Dennis W et al. (2013) Acute kidney injury and bisphosphonate use in cancer: a report from the research on adverse drug events and reports (RADAR) project. J Oncol Pract 9:101-6|
|McKoy, June M; Fisher, Matthew J; Courtney, D Mark et al. (2013) Results from the first decade of Research Conducted by the Research on Adverse Drug Events and Reports (RADAR) project. Drug Saf 36:335-47|
|Garg, Vishvas; Raisch, Dennis W; McKoy, June M et al. (2013) Impact of United States Food and Drug Administration's boxed warnings on adverse drug reactions reporting rates and risk mitigation for multiple myeloma drugs. Expert Opin Drug Saf 12:299-307|
|Irizarry, Lauren; Li, Qijuan E; Duncan, Ian et al. (2013) Effects of cancer comorbidity on disease management: making the case for diabetes education (a report from the SOAR program). Popul Health Manag 16:53-7|
|Passman, Rod S; Bennett, Charles L; Purpura, Joseph M et al. (2012) Amiodarone-associated optic neuropathy: a critical review. Am J Med 125:447-53|
|Lau, Denys T; Jarzebowski, Mary H; McKoy, June M (2011) Anticancer drug use in geriatric patients: concerns and challenges. Clin Ther 33:1408-12|
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