Elevated smoking rates among African American public housing residents are well documented. Despite the publication of these findings and those from meta-analyses of smoking cessation trials, the feasibility of conducting smoking cessation interventions with this population remains unknown. Most of the smoking cessation studies conducted with African American public housing residents have been cross sectional and have met with only modest success. They failed to show a significant impact on reducing smoking rates because they often ignored unique cultural norms and lacked cultural specificity, which play a vital role in determining the level of health of the individual and the community. For these reasons, the NIH has called for the development of new community-based smoking cessation studies that: 1) are implemented in settings other than health care facilities, 2) incorporate the social context (e.g., culture, neighborhoods, and social networks) to prevent or stop tobacco use, and 3) evaluate the approaches needed to reduce tobacco use in populations that are particularly vulnerable or where tobacco use has a disproportionately adverse effect, including racial and ethnic minorities (NIH, 2006). In line with these suggestions, I will conduct a qualitative assessment of the factors that influence smoking among African American smokers of public housing (Study 1), develop a smoking cessation intervention that is responsive to the public housing context and is socially and culturally appropriate (Study 2) and evaluate the feasibility of conducting this intervention in a pilot community trial (Study 3). Thus, I require interdisciplinary training in three areas: 1) conducting formative evaluations using qualitative methods, 2) developing socially and culturally appropriate behavioral interventions, and 3) implementing and evaluating community-based behavioral intervention trials. The study series should result in publication of peer-reviewed manuscripts and lead to the development of an R- mechanism application (e.g., R01).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Scientist Development Award - Research & Training (K01)
Project #
5K01CA134939-05
Application #
8286853
Study Section
Subcommittee G - Education (NCI)
Program Officer
Ojeifo, John O
Project Start
2009-07-22
Project End
2014-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$125,921
Indirect Cost
$9,805
Name
University of Maryland College Park
Department
None
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
790934285
City
College Park
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
20742
Butler 3rd, James; Quinn, Sandra C; Fryer, Craig S et al. (2013) Characterizing researchers by strategies used for retaining minority participants: results of a national survey. Contemp Clin Trials 36:61-7
Cardoza, Vicky J; Documet, Patricia I; Fryer, Craig S et al. (2012) Sexual health behavior interventions for U.S. Latino adolescents: a systematic review of the literature. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 25:136-49