Dr. Stacy Loeb is an urologist with significant experience in clinical care and research on prostate cancer. This K07 award will allow the applicant to gain additional skills to foster a career as an independent investigator. This will be accomplished in collaboration with a multidisciplinary mentorship team. Background: One in 6 US men are diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime but only 1 in 36 die from it. Treatment is often curative but may lead to side effects. An alternative option is conservative management, which delays or avoids the side effects of treatment. The major risk of conservative management is that the disease may progress without treatment. During conservative management, there are many options for follow-up testing to monitor for disease progression, ranging from blood tests and physical exams to imaging and biopsies. However, there is no consensus regarding the type, frequency and sequence of follow-up testing. More frequent and invasive tests may identify disease progression earlier, but may increase costs and complications. In a recent Consensus Conference, the NIH declared that identifying the optimal protocol for conservative management is a major priority in prostate cancer research. Project: The goal of this proposal is to compare the effectiveness, harms and costs of alternative strategies for conservative management using a mathematical model. The model will also look at the influence of patient features, tumor features, and preferences on the choice of strategy. This information will be distributed to prostate cancer patients and physicians through the preliminary design of a website. The research plan coincides with the applicant's proposed training curriculum, to ensure a successful bridge to submission of an R01 proposal. Mastery of these new skills will help the applicant transition into an independent cancer investigator with the capacity to compare the effectiveness and costs of new prostate cancer management options, and to design decision support tools for prostate cancer patients.

Public Health Relevance

The goal of the proposed research is to improve conservative management of prostate cancer, which can decrease the burden of overdiagnosis caused by prostate cancer screening. The project will use multidisciplinary methods (systematic review, mathematical modeling, and creation of a decision aid) to compare the benefits, harms, and costs of alternative strategies for the conservative management of prostate cancer. This Career Development Award will also promote Dr. Stacy Loeb's transition to an independent clinician-scientist, conducting innovative health services research in prostate cancer.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Academic/Teacher Award (ATA) (K07)
Project #
5K07CA178258-02
Application #
8731841
Study Section
Subcommittee B - Comprehensiveness (NCI)
Program Officer
Perkins, Susan N
Project Start
2013-09-15
Project End
2018-08-31
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-08-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
New York University
Department
Urology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10016
Loeb, Stacy; Curnyn, Caitlin; Fagerlin, Angela et al. (2018) Informational needs during active surveillance for prostate cancer: A qualitative study. Patient Educ Couns 101:241-247
Loeb, Stacy (2018) Active Surveillance Offers Functional Advantages Without Impacting Survival for Low-risk Prostate Cancer. Eur Urol 73:868-869
Loeb, Stacy; Byrne, Nataliya; Makarov, Danil V et al. (2018) Use of Conservative Management for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer in the Veterans Affairs Integrated Health Care System From 2005-2015. JAMA 319:2231-2233
Loeb, Stacy (2017) Re: The Prostate Health Index Adds Predictive Value to Multi-parametric MRI in Detecting Significant Prostate Cancers in a Repeat Biopsy Population. Eur Urol 72:654-655
Loeb, Stacy; Zhou, Qinlian; Siebert, Uwe et al. (2017) Active Surveillance Versus Watchful Waiting for Localized Prostate Cancer: A Model to Inform Decisions. Eur Urol 72:899-907
Loeb, Stacy; Curnyn, Caitlin; Fagerlin, Angela et al. (2017) Qualitative study on decision-making by prostate cancer physicians during active surveillance. BJU Int 120:32-39
Loeb, Stacy; Folkvaljon, Yasin; Curnyn, Caitlin et al. (2017) Uptake of Active Surveillance for Very-Low-Risk Prostate Cancer in Sweden. JAMA Oncol 3:1393-1398
Loeb, Stacy (2017) Biomarkers for Prostate Biopsy and Risk Stratification of Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer Patients. Urol Pract 4:315-321
Choyke, Peter L; Loeb, Stacy (2017) Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer. Oncology (Williston Park) 31:67-70
Loeb, Stacy; Dani, Hasan (2017) Whom to Biopsy: Prediagnostic Risk Stratification with Biomarkers, Nomograms, and Risk Calculators. Urol Clin North Am 44:517-524

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