Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is an autosomal dominant disorder of multiple congenital anomalies including characteristic facial features, upper extremity reduction defects, gastroesophageal dysfunction, growth retardation, and neurodevelopmental delay. Mutations in NIPBL have been identified that cause CdLS. NIPBL has been implicated in sister chromatid cohesion as a subunit of adherin, which plays a major role in loading cohesin onto chromosomes prior to DNA replication. Cohesin consists of four subunits: Smc1, Smc3, Stromalin, and Rad21. Among other roles, cohesin is believed to prevent premature separation of sister chromatids. In addition to NIPBL, a number of other proteins including Pds5 and Eco1 have been implicated in the proper loading, positioning, and regulation of cohesin. Recently, other members of the sister chromatid cohesion complex have been implicated in human congenital disease. Mutations in the human homolog of Eco1 have been found cause Roberts and SC phocomelia syndrome. Most recently, mutations in a human Smc1 homolog (SMC1L1) have been found in patients with an X-linked variant of CdLS. The candidate hypothesizes that mutations in additional members of the cohesin complex and its regulatory proteins will be found in CdLS and related developmental disorders. This application seeks to investigate the contribution that mutations in NIPBL and other cohesin complex members make to the pathogenesis of CdLS and related diseases, and to develop tools to manage data and characterize genotype-phenotype correlations. This application lays out a five-year research and training program with the ultimate goal to transition the candidate to an independent physician-scientist. His mentors and advisors are leaders in the fields of clinical dysmorphology, gene discovery, and human development. He will take advantage of the ample resources of his environment, both at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and at the University of Pennsylvania.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
Project #
5K08HD055488-05
Application #
8102071
Study Section
Pediatrics Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Oster-Granite, Mary Lou
Project Start
2007-06-05
Project End
2013-01-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2013-01-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$133,920
Indirect Cost
Name
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Department
Type
DUNS #
073757627
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
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Decroos, Christophe; Bowman, Christine M; Moser, Joe-Ann S et al. (2014) Compromised structure and function of HDAC8 mutants identified in Cornelia de Lange Syndrome spectrum disorders. ACS Chem Biol 9:2157-64
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Kaiser, Frank J; Ansari, Morad; Braunholz, Diana et al. (2014) Loss-of-function HDAC8 mutations cause a phenotypic spectrum of Cornelia de Lange syndrome-like features, ocular hypertelorism, large fontanelle and X-linked inheritance. Hum Mol Genet 23:2888-900
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Murray, Brittney; Wagle, Rohan; Amat-Alarcon, Nuria et al. (2013) A family with a complex clinical presentation characterized by arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy and features of branchio-oculo-facial syndrome. Am J Med Genet A 161A:371-6
Kalish, Jennifer M; Conlin, Laura K; Mostoufi-Moab, Sogol et al. (2013) Bilateral pheochromocytomas, hemihyperplasia, and subtle somatic mosaicism: the importance of detecting low-level uniparental disomy. Am J Med Genet A 161A:993-1001
Gimigliano, Anna; Mannini, Linda; Bianchi, Laura et al. (2012) Proteomic profile identifies dysregulated pathways in Cornelia de Lange syndrome cells with distinct mutations in SMC1A and SMC3 genes. J Proteome Res 11:6111-23
Clark, Dinah M; Sherer, Ilana; Deardorff, Matthew A et al. (2012) Identification of a prenatal profile of Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS): a review of 53 CdLS pregnancies. Am J Med Genet A 158A:1848-56
Chatfield, Kathryn C; Schrier, Samantha A; Li, Jennifer et al. (2012) Congenital heart disease in Cornelia de Lange syndrome: phenotype and genotype analysis. Am J Med Genet A 158A:2499-505

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