Impaired mucociliary transport (MCT) is a common feature of multiple airway diseases, including cystic fibrosis (CF). Effective MCT requires functional cilia and mucus. The mechanical properties of mucus influence MCT. In CF, loss of bicarbonate transport in the airway epithelium decreases the pH of the airway surface liquid (ASL). The acidic ASL changes the electrostatic interactions of mucus, making the mucus more viscous. This defect is present at birth prior to the onset of infection and inflammation. Newborn CF pigs also have impaired MCT. We predict that the viscous mucus in newborn CF pigs gives rise to defective MCT. In the current application, the candidate will probe the biophysical properties of freshly isolated porcine airway mucus using agents that alter mucus electrostatic interactions. He will assess the biophysical properties using passive microrheology. Concomitantly, he will measure MCT in newborn CF pigs using computed tomography (CT) and correlate how altered biophysical properties of mucus influence MCT. The candidate's long-term career goal is to become a leader in the fields of airway biology and airway disease. He plans to advance both fields by utilizing advanced imaging techniques and porcine models. The selection of the porcine model is particularly relevant because the airway anatomy and physiology more closely resemble humans than traditional rodent models. In the current K08 application, the candidate will gain multiple intellectual, professional and technical skills to foster his development into an independent and successful physician scientist. He has an outstanding mentor and advisory committee that will guide him in learning passive microrheology of mucus and whole animal CT. This topic is highly significant as mucus biophysical properties influence MCT, and thus the candidate's work can shed light on basic biology and also potential therapeutics. In addition, the candidate will continue to develop his manuscript and grant writing abilities through reviewing of manuscripts and grants under Dr. Welsh's guidance. He will also take coursework in biomedical and biochemical engineering to advance his understanding of the complex principles of rheology and imaging analyses. Lastly, the candidate will continue to cultivate his own mentoring skills through learning how to manage timelines and budgets, as well as train junior scientists. In summary, this award will greatly enrich the candidate's career by providing him with additional tools necessary to become an independent and successful physician scientist that contributes to the betterment of human health.

Public Health Relevance

RELEVANCE Impaired mucociliary transport (MCT) is a common feature of multiple airway diseases, including cystic fibrosis. In the current proposal, novel therapeutics to improve MCT are investigated using a porcine model of cystic fibrosis. Completion of this project will provide new insight into mechanisms underlying defective MCT and thus new therapeutic targets for treating cystic fibrosis and other airway diseases.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
Project #
5K08HL135433-02
Application #
9417086
Study Section
NHLBI Mentored Clinical and Basic Science Review Committee (MCBS)
Program Officer
Tigno, Xenia
Project Start
2017-02-01
Project End
2022-01-31
Budget Start
2018-02-01
Budget End
2019-01-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2018
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
062761671
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52242
Ostedgaard, Lynda S; Moninger, Thomas O; McMenimen, James D et al. (2017) Gel-forming mucins form distinct morphologic structures in airways. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:6842-6847