This is an application for a K08 award for Dr. L. Elizabeth Goldman, a hospitalist at the University of California, San Francisco. Dr. Goldman is establishing herself as a young investigator in health services research who aims to improve the quality and safety of hospital care. This K08 award will provide Dr. Goldman with the support necessary to accomplish the following career development goals: (1) to become an expert in performance measurement;(2) to improve the assessment of hospital quality and patient safety using administrative data;(3) to learn advanced statistical techniques in health services research;and (4) to acquire skills and policy context to translate research findings into policy. To achieve these goals, Dr. Goldman has assembled a mentoring team comprised of a primary mentor. Dr. Andrew Bindman, Director of the General Medicine Fellowship at UCSF and an expert in the use of administrative data for performance measurement, and two co-mentors: Dr. R. Adams Dudley, who studies public reporting of hospital quality and financial incentives as strategies to improve care, and Dr. Peter Bacchetti, a biostatistician who is an expert in study design and complex modeling. Having accurate assessments of hospital quality is a critical step to improving the quality of hospital care. Dr. Goldman's research will evaluate the accuracy of present-on-admission indicators, a strategy that two states are using to improve hospital assessments based on administrative data and Medicare and other payers are using to withhold payments for """"""""preventable adverse events"""""""".
In Aim 1, Dr. Goldman will use the California Patient Discharge Data Audit in which 1658 medical records from 2005 were externally reviewed as a gold standard against which she will compare the accuracy of present-on-admission coding by hospitals.
In Aim 2, she will use the California Patient Discharge Data and its audit to determine if certain hospital types such as teaching hospitals or small rural hospitals are associated with inaccuracies in coding of present-on- admission and simulate the effect of inaccuracies on hospital assessments comparing hospital death rates for heart attacks.
In Aim 3, she will explore the use of clinical laboratory data to help create datachecks that states and other auditors can use to assess accuracy of present-on-admission coding without extensive chart review. This research will form the basis for an R01 application, to be proposed at the end ofthis K award, to assess whether this strategy to use clinical data to assess the accuracy of present-on-admission coding will be more clinically acceptable to providers and stakeholders than current tools.

Public Health Relevance

Present on admission coding serves as one of the cornerstones of new policies by Medicare and other payers to withhold payments for """"""""preventable adverse events"""""""" and to improve hospital assessments and patient safety. The degree to which present-on-admission coding is accurate and unbiased will have a major influence on the acceptablity and utility of these policy initiatives and performance assessments using present-on-admission.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
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Study Section
Health Care Technology and Decision Science (HTDS)
Program Officer
Anderson, Kay
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University of California San Francisco
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
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Fontil, Valy; Bibbins-Domingo, Kirsten; Nguyen, Oanh Kieu et al. (2017) Management of Hypertension in Primary Care Safety-Net Clinics in the United States: A Comparison of Community Health Centers and Private Physicians' Offices. Health Serv Res 52:807-825
Kruger, Jenna F; Chen, Alice Hm; Rybkin, Alex et al. (2016) Displaying radiation exposure and cost information at order entry for outpatient diagnostic imaging: a strategy to inform clinician ordering. BMJ Qual Saf 25:977-985
Goldman, L Elizabeth; Chu, Philip W; Bacchetti, Peter et al. (2015) Effect of Present-on-Admission (POA) Reporting Accuracy on Hospital Performance Assessments Using Risk-Adjusted Mortality. Health Serv Res 50:922-38
Goldman, L Elizabeth; Sarkar, Urmimala; Kessell, Eric et al. (2014) Support from hospital to home for elders: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 161:472-81
Nguyen, Oanh Kieu; Kruger, Jenna; Greysen, S Ryan et al. (2014) Understanding how to improve collaboration between hospitals and primary care in postdischarge care transitions: a qualitative study of primary care leaders' perspectives. J Hosp Med 9:700-6
Kruger, Jenna F; Chen, Alice Hm; Rybkin, Alex et al. (2014) Clinician perspectives on considering radiation exposure to patients when ordering imaging tests: a qualitative study. BMJ Qual Saf 23:893-901
Goldman, L Elizabeth; Chu, Philip W; Osmond, Dennis et al. (2013) Accuracy of do not resuscitate (DNR) in administrative data. Med Care Res Rev 70:98-112
Goldman, L Elizabeth; Walker, Rod; Hubbard, Rebecca et al. (2013) Timeliness of abnormal screening and diagnostic mammography follow-up at facilities serving vulnerable women. Med Care 51:307-14
Goldman, L Elizabeth; Chu, Philip W; Tran, Huong et al. (2012) Federally qualified health centers and private practice performance on ambulatory care measures. Am J Prev Med 43:142-9
Bhave, Prashant D; Goldman, L Elizabeth; Vittinghoff, Eric et al. (2012) Incidence, predictors, and outcomes associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation after major noncardiac surgery. Am Heart J 164:918-24

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