The PI?s career goal is to become an independent investigator developing and evaluating novel interventions for underserved, vulnerable youth with anxiety and depressive disorders. This proposal outlines a plan to achieve this goal, through culmination of the training and research plans into an extremely competitive R01 proposal. The training plan takes full advantage of the candidate?s strong institutional support and environment at Northwestern University?s Feinberg School of Medicine, as well as relations with the broader community of researchers working with youth in high risk social environments. Training will include multidisciplinary mentorship, coursework, conferences, seminars, systematic professional interactions, readings, collaboration with a youth advisory board, and a mentored publication plan. Training goals necessary to the PI?s career goal involve growth in: 1) intervention development and evaluation;2) adolescent psychology;3) cultural issues pertinent to vulnerable youth;and 4) general career development. This plan builds on the PI?s background in clinical psychology, which has focused on technology- based treatments for depression and anxiety, contextual models of mental health disparities, implications of co- occurring psychiatric disorders on treatment outcomes, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). In this K08, the PI will extend her work to include youth, increasing the impact of her research through earlier intervention. The long-term goal of the research is to open a new avenue to culturally competent care by: 1) applying treatment principles efficacious in general populations to unique concerns of underserved youth facing multiple risks to their physical and mental health;2) developing a mobile treatment that provides real-time, context- specific intervention;and 3) extending population-level care, via Internet and mobile phone technologies, to youth unable to access existing services. To this end, the research plan will: 1) identify context-specific risk factors for anxiety and depressive symptoms in vulnerable youth;2) identify treatment targets accordingly;and 3) develop an engaging, accessible intervention tailored to vulnerable adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). The intervention, delivered via an advanced mobile phone application, the Internet, and brief telephone support, will be grounded in validated CBT techniques and more recent advances in transdiagnostic CBT.
Research aims will be achieved via: 1) Study 1, analysis of an existing longitudinal, epidemiological dataset to identify context-specific social stressors that predict increased anxiety and depressive symptoms, and cognitive mechanisms by which the social stressors impact anxiety and depression;2) Study 2, development, usability testing, and a subsequent feasibility trial of a new, transdiagnostic Internet and mobile phone intervention teaching CBT skills to vulnerable adolescents with MDD and GAD, and applying these skills to targets identified from Study 1;and 3) Study 3, a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the intervention to an attention control. Studies 2 and 3 will provide preliminary data for an R01 proposing a larger RCT.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed research will identity group-specific intervention targets to reduce anxiety and depression symptoms in vulnerable youth, through analysis of an existing longitudinal study in a sample of youth in high risk social environments. Findings will be translated to develop and conduct early testing of an intervention designed to decrease symptoms in vulnerable youth with Major Depressive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder, using Internet and mobile phone formats that are widely accessible, cost-effective, scalable, private, and familiar to youth.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
Project #
1K08MH094441-01A1
Application #
8300582
Study Section
Interventions Committee for Disorders Involving Children and Their Families (ITVC)
Program Officer
Hill, Lauren D
Project Start
2012-04-01
Project End
2017-03-31
Budget Start
2012-04-01
Budget End
2013-03-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$160,984
Indirect Cost
$11,925
Name
Northwestern University at Chicago
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
005436803
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60611