Gliomas constitute the most lethal class of primary CNS malignancies. Many therapeutic approaches seek to target specific components of signaling pathways that are aberrantly activated by mutation, yet mounting evidence demonstrates that tumor survival is also critically dependent on non-mutated, non-oncogene systems that impact global cellular processes;a phenomenon termed non-oncogene addiction. The cellular components that regulate protein homeostasis are among the most prominent mediators of non-oncogene addiction and targeting these functions with HSP90 and proteasome inhibitors results in robust anti-glioma activity. Moreover, our group has revealed another unexpected mediator of non-oncogene addiction, Heat Shock Factor 1 (HSF1), the main transcription factor regulating the heat shock response (HSR), which acts a powerful multifaceted regulator of signaling pathways relevant to gliomagenesis. In this proposal, I will test the hypothesis that modulating protein homeostasis by high-throughput techniques will provide a powerful strategy for identifying lead compounds to drive the development of effective anti-glioma therapeutics. To explore this, we have used the HSR as a biosensor in two high-throughput cell-based phenotypic screens of 100,000 compounds and have identified 100 compounds that induce and 50 that inhibit the HSR. The following specific aims are proposed to test our hypothesis:
Aim 1 : to determine the effects of pharmacological modulation of the HSR on proliferation and survival in 'stem cell'based models of glioma;
Aim 2 : to characterize the mechanism of action of active compounds to identify those with novel targets;
Aim 3 : to assess the potential of active compounds to cross the blood brain barrier;
Aim 4 : to assess the potential of small molecule modulators of protein homeostasis to inhibit glioma growth in vivo. The candidate is an M.D., Ph.D. trained in Anatomic/Neuropathology who seeks mentorship in the chemical biology of gliomas from Dr. Susan Lindquist. Outlined in the proposal is a research plan using the extensive resources of the Whitehead, Broad and Dana Farber Cancer Institutes and a career development plan for achieving academic independence. Relevance: High-grade gliomas are among the most aggressive forms of cancer and current treatments do not markedly improve patient prognosis. By characterizing the chemical biology of the HSR in gliomas we aim to identify lead molecules with anti-glioma activity. Of additional relevance, some of these HSR modulating drugs may have application in classic protein folding CNS disorders such as neurodegenerative and prion diseases.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Clinical Investigator Award (CIA) (K08)
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NST-2 Subcommittee (NST)
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Fountain, Jane W
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Brigham and Women's Hospital
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Brastianos, Priscilla K; Taylor-Weiner, Amaro; Manley, Peter E et al. (2014) Exome sequencing identifies BRAF mutations in papillary craniopharyngiomas. Nat Genet 46:161-5
Santagata, Sandro; Eberlin, Livia S; Norton, Isaiah et al. (2014) Intraoperative mass spectrometry mapping of an onco-metabolite to guide brain tumor surgery. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:11121-6
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