The applicant, Veronica Rodriguez-Bravo, is committed to a long-lasting career in cancer research. Her goal is to become an independent investigator to study genome stability maintenance mechanisms regulated by nuclear pores (NPCs) and the mitotic checkpoint and the impact of defects on cancer. Veronica?s three-year proposal will allow her to acquire skills to rigorously study NPC regulation in nontumor and tumor cells and professional abilities necessary to become a successful independent group leader in the current challenging funding environment for young investigators. The scientific proposal aims to study the molecular and cellular details of the NPC-mitotic checkpoint axis that controls chromosomal stability and how errors impact tumor and non-tumor cells. Specifically, the proposed Aims seek to obtain mechanistic insights into how human cells integrate signals from the nuclear periphery (NPCs) and from mitotic chromosomes to protect genome integrity and examine how failure of these pathways contribute to chromosomal and NPC defects found in human cancers.
Aim 1 will study the redundant regulation of Mad1, a key mitotic checkpoint protein, recruitment to chromosomes in mitosis and consequences of defects for tumor and non-tumor cells.
Aim 2 will analyze the inter-connection and regulation of the NPC components implicated in the pre-mitotic signaling necessary for high fidelity mitosis.
Aim 3 will examine how errors affecting the mitotic and the NPC signaling impact chromosomal stability, tumor cell division and survival and how weaknesses in tumor cells can be exploited for potential future targeted therapies. This proposal will generate essential data to understand how chromosomal and NPC signals feed to each other to ensure protection against chromosomal errors commonly found in cancer and also provide insights into how NPC defects and chromosomal abnormalities benefit tumor cell growth, survival and proliferation. With the mentorship of Dr. Jallepalli, and co-mentor Dr. Foley, the candidate will be able to expand her research skills, learn to write successful R01-type grants, produce preliminary new data for one or two manuscripts as corresponding author, secure a faculty position and interact with other scientists and collaborators to set the ground for a successful independent career. Importantly, she will acquire new technical skills learning novel methodologies of NPC sub-complexes purification from human cells to interrogate NPC composition and posttranslational modifications in tumor and non-tumor cells. In summary, Veronica and her mentors believe this proposal will be a critical opportunity to set the basis of her independent career as a biomedical cancer researcher and thus fulfill her dream of dedication to the study of cancer. In conclusion, this K award will be fundamental to provide Veronica protected time to successfully transition to research independence and contribute to the mission of the NIH and NCI.

Public Health Relevance

Nuclear pore (NPC) defects and chromosomal errors are common in human cancers. This project will study the molecular and cellular details of the NPC-mitotic checkpoint crosstalk, examine how defects impact chromosomal stability and tumor cell survival and identify potential new anti-tumor cell targets.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Career Transition Award (K22)
Project #
5K22CA207458-02
Application #
9330820
Study Section
Subcommittee I - Transistion to Independence (NCI)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2017-08-01
Budget End
2018-07-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2017
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Department
Type
DUNS #
078861598
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10029
Lee, Sun Joo; Rodriguez-Bravo, Veronica; Kim, Hyunjung et al. (2017) The PP2AB56 phosphatase promotes the association of Cdc20 with APC/C in mitosis. J Cell Sci 130:1760-1771
Han, Dan; Rodriguez-Bravo, Veronica; Charytonowicz, Elizabeth et al. (2017) Targeting sarcoma tumor-initiating cells through differentiation therapy. Stem Cell Res 21:117-123
Mohr, Lisa; Carceles-Cordon, Marc; Woo, Jungreem et al. (2017) Generation of Prostate Cancer Cell Models of Resistance to the Anti-mitotic Agent Docetaxel. J Vis Exp :
Maciejowski, John; Drechsler, Hauke; Grundner-Culemann, Kathrin et al. (2017) Mps1 Regulates Kinetochore-Microtubule Attachment Stability via the Ska Complex to Ensure Error-Free Chromosome Segregation. Dev Cell 41:143-156.e6
Rodriguez-Bravo, Veronica; Carceles-Cordon, Marc; Hoshida, Yujin et al. (2017) The role of GATA2 in lethal prostate cancer aggressiveness. Nat Rev Urol 14:38-48