Many healthcare providers are adopting clinical decision support (CDS) systems to improve patient safety and meet Meaningful Use requirements. Computerized alerts that prompt clinicians about drug- allergy, drug-drug, and drug-disease warnings or provide dosing guidance are most commonly implemented. Alert overrides can hinder improved patient outcomes, and detailed evaluation of the appropriateness of alerts and clinician responses is necessary;however, traditional methods require manual chart reviews, which are labor intensive and difficult to replicate for all alerts across institutions. This proposal focuses on developing nove methods for evaluating and improving CDS alerts that build upon traditional informatics approaches.
Aim 1 begins by applying previously described models for predicting alert overrides then improves these models by adding covariates based on measures not previously assessed within biomedical informatics.
Aim 2 expands the use of web-based monitoring tools, developing an interactive dashboard for evaluating CDS alert and response appropriateness that incorporates the models developed in Aim 1. It is hypothesized that these methods will allow informatics personnel to identify and improve poorly performing alerts, thus reducing alert fatigue and increasing patient safety.

Public Health Relevance

Effectively evaluating the appropriateness of clinical decision support alerts and responses is critical to improving patient safety through health information technology. This proposal will develop novel, semi- automated methods to facilitate such evaluations in both ambulatory and community hospital settings with commercial electronic health records.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Career Transition Award (K22)
Project #
5K22LM011430-02
Application #
8730217
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZLM1)
Program Officer
Sim, Hua-Chuan
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Tulane University
Department
Biostatistics & Other Math Sci
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
City
New Orleans
State
LA
Country
United States
Zip Code
70118
McCoy, Allison B; Thomas, Eric J; Krousel-Wood, Marie et al. (2014) Clinical decision support alert appropriateness: a review and proposal for improvement. Ochsner J 14:195-202
McCoy, Allison B; Wright, Adam; Rogith, Deevakar et al. (2014) Development of a clinician reputation metric to identify appropriate problem-medication pairs in a crowdsourced knowledge base. J Biomed Inform 48:66-72