For older adults, polypharmacy is a major safety issue with serious economic implications. Dr. Gerardo Moreno proposes research needed to investigate the use of health information technology (HIT) to improve medication management decision making for older adults in community health centers. The proposed Mentored Patient-Oriented Career Development Award will provide Dr. Moreno, a family medicine physician from UCLA, the resources to focus his research on aging and to obtain additional research training needed to become an independent principal investigator. The detailed research and career development experiences proposed aim to build upon his existing research skill set to gain needed expertise to: 1) develop his independence as a productive principal investigator in the area of Latino aging health disparities;2) further focus his research and gain significant expertise in aging-related issues;and 3) expand his qualitative research skills and implementation science skills. To achieve these goals, Dr. Moreno will complete course work, directed reading tutorials, and practical research experience. The career development activities also include mentorship and resources from the UCLA Resource Center for Minority Aging Research, a program devoted to eliminating disparities in health and health care among minority elders and to developing minority faculty who will be independently funded investigators who conduct aging research. Dr. Moreno's multidisciplinary mentorship team includes a health services researcher, social scientist, health informatics researcher, statistician with formal computer science training, and geriatrician. This proposal will use principles of community-based participatory research to build upon an established 4 year academic-community research partnership developed by the applicant with a large rural community health center. For older adults with multiple chronic conditions, polypharmacy can lead to increased use of potentially inappropriate medications and at the same time to the underutilization of medications known to improve health outcomes. Health (IT) tools may improve decision making for medication management but we know little about their application in community health centers and other safety-net settings. An overall objective of this proposal is to enhance Dr. Moreno's research skills and to conduct preliminary studies needed to develop health IT point-of-care (POC) decision support tailored to the prescription drug management needs of older adults in a safety-net system. Health IT POC clinical decision support in community health centers can be adopted by clinicians and hold great promise for improving the safety and quality of medication management for older adults when the end users of the system are incorporated into the research process from start to finish. Therefore, Dr. Moreno proposes research in partnership with a large rural community/migrant health center in California's impoverished San Joaquin Valley that serves two counties and has 22 clinical sites. His community partner's patient population is 72 percent Latino which is significant given the current and projected increase of elderly Latinos over the next few decades. To this end, the specific aims that focus on adults ? 60 years of age are: 1) to examine the prevalence and correlates of use of potentially inappropriate medications, 2) to examine how often there is suboptimal medication intensification of needed treatments for those with hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemias, 3) to identify provider, patient, and stakeholder barriers and facilitators (e.g. work flow issues and tailoring of message) to adoption of patient-centered health IT POC decision support designed to improve prescription drug management and safety, and 4) to adapt and develop a prototype of health IT POC decision support system for prescription drug management tailored to older adults with cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemias.
Aims 1 -3 will inform the development and the decision support content and targeted messaging that is proposed in Aim 4. This research forms the basis for an R01 application of an adequately powered randomized clinical trial of health IT POC decision support to improve medication management quality and safety for older adults across a regional community clinic network.

Public Health Relevance

Older adults are at increased risk of using potentially inappropriate medications and paradoxically of under using treatments known to improve control of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure. Health information technology (HIT) decision support to improve medication management delivered electronically during the patient visit holds great potential for decreasing use of potentially inappropriate medications and increasing the use of beneficial treatments. This project is grounded in an established community-based approach that will systematically include feedback from physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and patients so that the medication decision support tools developed are widely accepted and address the most important barriers for safe prescribing for older adults with chronic conditions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
Project #
5K23AG042961-03
Application #
8725037
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
Program Officer
King, Jonathan W
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Los Angeles
Department
Family Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90095
Detz, Alissa; Mangione, Carol M; Nunez de Jaimes, Fatima et al. (2014) Language concordance, interpersonal care, and diabetes self-care in rural Latino patients. J Gen Intern Med 29:1650-6
Moreno, Gerardo; Gold, Julia; Mavrinac, Maureen (2014) Primary care residents want to learn about the patient-centered medical home. Fam Med 46:539-43
Moreno, Gerardo; Mangione, Carol M; Wang, Pin-Chieh et al. (2014) Physical Activity, Physical Performance, and Biological Markers of Health among Sedentary Older Latinos. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res 2014:535071
Moreno, Gerardo; Morales, Leo S; Nuñez de Jaimes, Fatima et al. (2014) Neighborhood perceptions and health-related outcomes among latinos with diabetes from a rural agricultural community. J Community Health 39:1077-84
Talamantes, Efrain; Mangione, Carol M; Gonzalez, Karla et al. (2014) Community college pathways: improving the U.S. physician workforce pipeline. Acad Med 89:1649-56
Moreno, Gerardo; Mangione, Carol M (2013) Management of cardiovascular disease risk factors in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: 2002-2012 literature review. J Am Geriatr Soc 61:2027-37
American Geriatrics Society Expert Panel on Care of Older Adults with Diabetes Mellitus; Moreno, Gerardo; Mangione, Carol M et al. (2013) Guidelines abstracted from the American Geriatrics Society Guidelines for Improving the Care of Older Adults with Diabetes Mellitus: 2013 update. J Am Geriatr Soc 61:2020-6