State newborn screening programs are in the midst of a significant expansion due to the recent diffusion of a new screening technology, tandem mass spectrometry. In this context, a dramatic increase in the number of disorders being screened is already creating challenges for the healthcare system in terms of communication with families, and the organization and delivery of healthcare services for infants during the process of evaluating initial positive newborn screening results. Currently, there exists a fundamental gap in our understanding of the factors that influence parental understanding during this evaluation process and the impact this understanding may have on related outcomes (e.g., parental anxiety, increased healthcare utilization). The proposed project aims to explore and examine the experiences and preferences regarding communication about positive newborn screening results of key stakeholders (parents, primary care physicians, clinical geneticists, and state newborn screening officials) involved in the three key stages: notification about the initial positive screen;follow-up testing and evaluation;and parental notification of the final results of the evaluation. The project will be conducted in Michigan and North Carolina, two states with expanded newborn screening. The project will culminate in the development of a cogent implementation plan for the organization and delivery of healthcare services within this evaluation period of positive newborn screening results. Career development activities during these phases of research will include formal training in qualitative research methods, advanced survey methodology, and policy analysis, along with guidance and direction from a panel of dedicated and experienced mentors. By the end of the proposed research project, the candidate will be an expert in the organization and delivery of healthcare services to infants with initial positive newborn screening results and will submit an investigator-initiated grant application to evaluate the implementation plan developed for the delivery of these services. Due to the recent, and continued, increase in the number of disorders tested on newborn screening panels, a greater understanding of the organization and delivery of healthcare services to infants with initial positive newborn screening results is an essential step towards provision of high quality services within state newborn screening programs.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-M (HB))
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Urv, Tiina K
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University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Schools of Medicine
Ann Arbor
United States
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