Joseph A. Skelton, MD, is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Wake Forest University School of Medicine (WFUSM) with extensive clinical experience in the treatment of pediatric obesity. He will utilize this K23 Award to expand his clinical research skills and develop unique approaches to improving the delivery of evidence based treatment to obese children and their families. His career goal is to become an independent researcher in pediatric obesity treatment, developing and evaluating family-centered interventions to improve the quality of obesity treatment resources. Dr. Skelton will capitalize on the strong research environment and excellent mentorship of WFUSM to gain: competence in child- and family-focused research;expertise in conducting research in primary care offices and community-based settings;skill in qualitative research methods;and knowledge of satisfaction with and attrition from medical and behavioral therapies. His Career Development Plan features structured mentorship by a diverse and experienced committee, interaction and training with experienced pediatric research staff, formal educational programs, and experiential learning through the completion of the Research Plan. This research is timely and of great importance, as the prevalence of pediatric obesity continues to grow. The overarching hypothesis of the candidate's research program is that attrition from obesity treatment, a significant impediment to successful weight loss, is mitigated by patient and family characteristics and by the treatment programs themselves. The candidate will investigate attrition from treatment through the recruitment of families of obese children from 3 different treatment sites. Predictors of attrition will be determined through qualitative and quantitative study of a) characteristics of participating families (sociodemographics, structure, health, and weight status), b) characteristics of treatment programs, and c) satisfaction of families in treatment. Treatment programs will then be engaged, through interviews with key informants who are community health care providers, to modify treatments based on study findings. This proposal will provide Dr. Skelton with the skills to become an independent investigator of pediatric obesity treatment. Public Health Relevance: Effective treatments for pediatric obesity have been developed, but attrition from care is a significant impediment to improving the health of an obese child. Given the burden of childhood obesity and its complications, efforts to understand and reduce attrition hold great promise for substantial public health benefit. The same approaches developed in this research program may also be effective in reducing attrition from treatment programs for other chronic childhood diseases, thereby greatly multiplying the potential public health impact of this research agenda over the long term.

Public Health Relevance

Effective treatments for pediatric obesity have been developed, but attrition from care is a significant impediment to improving the health of an obese child. Given the burden of childhood obesity and its complications, efforts to understand and reduce attrition hold great promise for substantial public health benefit. The same approaches developed in this research program may also be effective in reducing attrition from treatment programs for other chronic childhood diseases, thereby greatly multiplying the potential public health impact of this research agenda over the long term.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23)
Project #
5K23HD061597-05
Application #
8637096
Study Section
Pediatrics Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Haverkos, Lynne
Project Start
2010-04-01
Project End
2015-03-31
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$172,099
Indirect Cost
$12,769
Name
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
937727907
City
Winston-Salem
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27157
Giannini, Courtney M; Irby, Megan B; Skelton, Joseph A et al. (2017) Feasibility of a Friendship Network-Based Pediatric Obesity Intervention. Child Obes 13:18-24
Skelton, J A; Martin, S; Irby, M B (2016) Satisfaction and attrition in paediatric weight management. Clin Obes 6:143-53
Brown, Callie L; Vander Schaaf, Emily B; Cohen, Gail M et al. (2016) Association of Picky Eating and Food Neophobia with Weight: A Systematic Review. Child Obes 12:247-62
Brown, Callie Lambert; Skelton, Joseph A; Perrin, Eliana M et al. (2016) Behaviors and motivations for weight loss in children and adolescents. Obesity (Silver Spring) 24:446-52
Halvorson, Elizabeth E; Ervin, Sean E; Russell, Thomas B et al. (2016) Association of Obesity and Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism. Hosp Pediatr 6:22-6
Giannini, Courtney; Irby, Megan B; Skelton, Joseph A (2015) Caregiver Expectations of Family-based Pediatric Obesity Treatment. Am J Health Behav 39:451-60
Brown, Callie L; Halvorson, Elizabeth E; Cohen, Gail M et al. (2015) Addressing Childhood Obesity: Opportunities for Prevention. Pediatr Clin North Am 62:1241-61
Brown, Callie L; Irby, Megan B; Houle, Timothy T et al. (2015) Family-based obesity treatment in children with disabilities. Acad Pediatr 15:197-203
Stolzman, S; Irby, M B; Callahan, A B et al. (2015) Pes planus and paediatric obesity: a systematic review of the literature. Clin Obes 5:52-9
Skelton, Joseph A; Irby, Megan Bennett; Geiger, Ann M (2014) A systematic review of satisfaction and pediatric obesity treatment: new avenues for addressing attrition. J Healthc Qual 36:5-22

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