This K24 award is requested by David O. Meltzer, MD, PhD. He is an MD with a PhD in Economics and is currently an Associate Professor at the University of Chicago. His primary appointment is in the Department of Medicine, but he holds secondary appointments in the Irving B. Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies and the Department of Economics. Since joining the faculty at the University of Chicago 11 years ago, he has played a major role in the establishment of several major research programs that have come to encompass the work of multiple faculty members, several major training programs that have come to serve as the University's core training resources in health services and outcomes research, and established a major university-wide center for interdisciplinary research in health and the social sciences, the Center for Health and the Social Sciences (CHeSS). His research has focused on the theoretical foundations of medical cost-effectiveness analysis, and on improving the cost and quality of care for hospitalized patients, with a major focus in both areas on addressing issues of greatest relevance to older persons. His work in cost-effectiveness analysis has resulted in the creation of an active and productive group of faculty working collaboratively in the area of medical decision making. His work in hospital medicine has resulted in the development of an Academic Hospitalist Program as a vehicle through which to use our inpatient general medicine services a laboratory for applied social science research in health care quality, making the University of Chicago among the leading programs in hospital medicine nationally. He has been the primary mentor of 33 trainees including PhD students, medical fellows, and junior faculty. This award would support Dr. Meltzer's research, training, and faculty development activities related to cost-effectiveness analysis and hospital care of the elderly.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research (K24)
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National Institute on Aging Initial Review Group (NIA)
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Baker, Colin S
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University of Chicago
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Hougham, Gavin W; Ham, Sandra A; Ruhnke, Gregory W et al. (2014) Sequence patterns in the resolution of clinical instabilities in community-acquired pneumonia and association with outcomes. J Gen Intern Med 29:563-71
Shear, Talia C; Balachandran, Jay S; Mokhlesi, Babak et al. (2014) Risk of sleep apnea in hospitalized older patients. J Clin Sleep Med 10:1061-6
Meltzer, David O; Ruhnke, Gregory W (2014) Redesigning care for patients at increased hospitalization risk: the Comprehensive Care Physician model. Health Aff (Millwood) 33:770-7
Stoler, Avraham; Meltzer, David (2013) Mortality and morbidity risks and economic behavior. Health Econ 22:132-43
Adachi, Marie; Staisiunas, Paul G; Knutson, Kristen L et al. (2013) Perceived control and sleep in hospitalized older adults: a sound hypothesis? J Hosp Med 8:184-90
van Baal, Pieter; Meltzer, David; Brouwer, Werner (2013) Pharmacoeconomic guidelines should prescribe inclusion of indirect medical costs! A response to Grima et Al. Pharmacoeconomics 31:369-73; discussion 375-6
Tak, Hyo Jung; Ruhnke, Gregory W; Meltzer, David O (2013) Association of patient preferences for participation in decision making with length of stay and costs among hospitalized patients. JAMA Intern Med 173:1195-205
Press, Valerie G; Shapiro, Madeleine I; Mayo, Ainoa M et al. (2013) More than meets the eye: relationship between low health literacy and poor vision in hospitalized patients. J Health Commun 18 Suppl 1:197-204
Mokhlesi, Babak; Hovda, Margaret D; Vekhter, Benjamin et al. (2013) Sleep-disordered breathing and postoperative outcomes after bariatric surgery: analysis of the nationwide inpatient sample. Obes Surg 23:1842-51
Laiteerapong, Neda; John, Priya M; Meltzer, David O et al. (2012) Impact of delaying blood pressure control in patients with Type 2 diabetes: results of a decision analysis. J Gen Intern Med 27:640-6

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