My over-arching career goals as a geriatrician and clinical investigator are to conduct high quality patient- oriented research in aging and palliativ care, train the next generation of investigators to conduct this research and through my research and mentoring activities improve the health care of older persons living with advanced illness. Over the past 16 years, I have built a successful research program focused on outcomes, decision-making, and health care utilization in advanced dementia. My initial K24 was awarded in 2009. My productivity during its course is evident through the high impact of my research, mentees' accomplishments, and my leadership roles. Building on this success, I feel am at an optimal time to renew this award. The observational studies I have conducted to date have clearly shown that advanced dementia patients receive sub-optimal palliative care, but also elucidated opportunities for improvement. Designing and testing interventions targeting those opportunities is the current priority for the field, and the focus of my research during this K24 renewal. The initial K24 period was critical in providing the protected time needed to be an effective mentor, gain mentoring skills, and build a cadre of young investigators skilled in palliative care aging research. Renewal of my K24 is essential for this momentum to continue. The objectives for my 5-year K24 renewal period are: 1. To continue to build a research program focused on improving the quality of care for older patients with advanced dementia, with a new direction on clinical trials. This will be accomplished by: i. completion of currently funded observational studies, ii. new research involving cluster randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing practice interventions in advanced dementia, and iii. formal training activities to deepen my expertise in clinical trials research; 2. To use my research as a platform to mentor new investigators in aging-related palliative care research to help them become independent investigators and support the expansion of my research program and the field with highly trained faculty. This will be accomplished by: i. involvement of my trainees in my funded projects, ii. leveraging my research infrastructure to enable my mentees' investigations. iii. recruitment of high caliber mentees from varied disciplines committed to this field, iv. individual mentorship of these trainees in their research activities and career development, v. didactic sessions and formal coursework for mentees. IMPACT: The focus of my new research, career development and mentorship in clinical trials is the next necessary step to move the field of advanced dementia forward. The findings, methodological advancements, and infrastructure gained through this work, can be leveraged for the next phase of research translation: implementation and dissemination of proven interventions. Ultimately, my ongoing and new research proposed for the second cycle of my K24, coupled with my training of outstanding investigators in the field of palliative care and aging, and will help address the critical and pressing need to bring high quality and cost-effective palliative care to the bedside of the millions of older Americans.
With the renewal of this k24 award, Dr. Susan Mitchell will continue to develop her successful research program aimed at improving the end-of-life experience of persons with advanced dementia and their families, with a new focus on the conduct of clinical trials research. She will use her research as a platform to mentor new investigators in field of palliative care and aging, and help them to become independent investigators. Taken together, her ongoing and new research, coupled with her training of outstanding investigators, will help address the critical and pressing need to bring high quality and cost-effective palliative care to the bedside of the millions of older Americans.
|Fehnel, Corey R; Trepman, Alissa; Steele, Dale et al. (2018) Survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest among cerebrovascular disease patients. J Clin Neurosci 54:1-6|
|Ernecoff, Natalie C; Zimmerman, Sheryl; Mitchell, Susan L et al. (2018) Concordance between Goals of Care and Treatment Decisions for Persons with Dementia. J Palliat Med 21:1442-1447|
|Araos, Rafael; Andreatos, Nikolaos; Ugalde, Juan et al. (2018) Fecal Microbiome Among Nursing Home Residents with Advanced Dementia and Clostridium difficile. Dig Dis Sci 63:1525-1531|
|Loizeau, Andrea J; Shaffer, Michele L; Habtemariam, Daniel A et al. (2018) Association of Prognostic Estimates With Burdensome Interventions in Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia. JAMA Intern Med 178:922-929|
|Mitchell, Susan L; Shaffer, Michele L; Cohen, Simon et al. (2018) An Advance Care Planning Video Decision Support Tool for Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med 178:961-969|
|Baier, Rosa R; Mitchell, Susan L; Jutkowitz, Eric et al. (2018) Identifying and Supporting Nonpharmacological Dementia Interventions Ready for Pragmatic Trials: Results From an Expert Workshop. J Am Med Dir Assoc 19:560-562|
|McCreedy, Ellen; Loomer, Lacey; Palmer, Jennifer A et al. (2018) Representation in the Care Planning Process for Nursing Home Residents With Dementia. J Am Med Dir Assoc 19:415-421|
|Palmer, Jennifer A; Howard, Elizabeth P; Bryan, Margaret et al. (2018) Physiological and psychosocial factors in spiritual needs attainment for community-dwelling older adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 76:1-5|
|Dasenbrock, Hormuzdiyar; Gormley, William B; Lee, Yoojin et al. (2018) Long-term outcomes among octogenarians with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg :1-12|
|Palmer, Jennifer A; Mor, Vincent; Volandes, Angelo E et al. (2018) A dynamic application of PRECIS-2 to evaluate implementation in a pragmatic, cluster randomized clinical trial in two nursing home systems. Trials 19:453|
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