My long-term career goal is to develop a global health research-training program for United States and international physician-scientists with a focus on HIV and tuberculosis. The goals of this K24 proposal are to train physician scientists and outstanding pre-doctoral students through the conduct of research primarily in Haiti, and also in Tanzania and to conduct a new research project on HIV induced chronic inflammation in Haiti. United States trainees will spend ~60% of their time at international research sites in Haiti and Tanzania, which have on-site Weill Cornell faculty, advanced telecommunications, and outstanding environments for research training. Physician-scientists may pursue a Master of Science (MS) in Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services Research at Weill Cornell Medical College. The research strategy includes a new research project in Haiti to be supported by the K24 award on HIV induced chronic inflammation (AIM 1), currently funded projects in Haiti (AIMS 2 - 5), and a currently funded project at a new research site in Mwanza, Tanzania (AIM 6). The common theme is that all the projects have patient-oriented research on AIDS and TB as the focus and will serve as training vehicles for research trainees. The projects include the following: 1. Chronic inflammation as a consequence of delayed ART: biomarkers and sequelae 2. Cervical cancer in HIV infected women: role of prostaglandin E2 3. Tuberculosis biomarkers for diagnosis and for monitoring therapy 4. HIV vaccine and ART clinical trials 5. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis surveillance and control 6. Female urogenital schistosomiasis and HIV interactions Five of the projects involve long-term study of cohorts in Haiti, and the sixth a cohot in Tanzania. There are both clinical and laboratory aspects to all studies which offer trainees broad experience. Trainees learn through the conduct of an independent project and the opportunity to interact with colleagues working on studies other than their own.
The K24 proposal will support Dr Daniel Fitzgerald to train physician scientists and outstanding pre-doctoral students through the conduct of HIV and tuberculosis research primarily in Haiti, and also in Tanzania and to conduct a new project on HIV induced chronic inflammation in Haiti. Physician-scientist trainees may also pursue a Master of Science (MS) in Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services Research at Weill Cornell Medical College.
|Kimmel, April D; Fitzgerald, Daniel W; Pape, Jean W et al. (2015) Performance of a mathematical model to forecast lives saved from HIV treatment expansion in resource-limited settings. Med Decis Making 35:230-42|
|Ocheretina, Oksana; Escuyer, Vincent E; Mabou, Marie-Marcelle et al. (2014) Correlation between genotypic and phenotypic testing for resistance to rifampin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates in Haiti: investigation of cases with discrepant susceptibility results. PLoS One 9:e90569|
|Liwa, Anthony C; Smart, Luke R; Frumkin, Amara et al. (2014) Traditional herbal medicine use among hypertensive patients in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Curr Hypertens Rep 16:437|
|Mpondo, Bonaventura C T; Kalluvya, Samuel E; Peck, Robert N et al. (2014) Impact of antiretroviral therapy on renal function among HIV-infected Tanzanian adults: a retrospective cohort study. PLoS One 9:e89573|
|Wajanga, Bahati M K; Peck, Robert N; Kalluvya, Samuel et al. (2014) Healthcare worker perceived barriers to early initiation of antiretroviral and tuberculosis therapy among Tanzanian inpatients. PLoS One 9:e87584|
|Magambo, Kinanga A; Kalluvya, Samuel E; Kapoor, Shikha W et al. (2014) Utility of urine and serum lateral flow assays to determine the prevalence and predictors of cryptococcal antigenemia in HIV-positive outpatients beginning antiretroviral therapy in Mwanza, Tanzania. J Int AIDS Soc 17:19040|
|Mtwangambate, G; Kalluvya, S E; Kidenya, B R et al. (2014) 'Cough-triggered' tuberculosis screening among adults with diabetes in Tanzania. Diabet Med 31:600-5|
|Downs, Jennifer A; Reif, Lindsey K; Hokororo, Adolfine et al. (2014) Increasing women in leadership in global health. Acad Med 89:1103-7|
|Peck, Robert N; Shedafa, Rehema; Kalluvya, Samuel et al. (2014) Hypertension, kidney disease, HIV and antiretroviral therapy among Tanzanian adults: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med 12:125|
|Pape, Jean W; Severe, Patrice D; Fitzgerald, Daniel W et al. (2014) The Haiti research-based model of international public health collaboration: the GHESKIO Centers. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65 Suppl 1:S5-9|
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