This is a competitive renewal of K24HD060068. An estimated 20% to 40% of otherwise healthy children and adolescents suffer from chronic pain such as abdominal and musculoskeletal pain. Many of these children also experience significant sleep disturbances. Chronic pain and associated symptoms (such as sleep problems) results in a measurable decline in children's quality of life and produces stress and economic burden on parents and families. Increasingly, cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) are emerging as effective interventions for pediatric chronic pain. Because children and families face challenges accessing specialty services such as CBT for chronic pain, innovative technologies may be a solution for broadening access to care. The candidate's research activities during the prior period of K24 support focused on three areas: sleep-wake disturbances, behavioral interventions, and assessment of physical activity and function. Significant progress and achievements were made during the prior period of support in publications, new grants awarded, mentorship of fellows and junior faculty, career advancement, and academic leadership. The primary objectives of this renewal application for a Midcareer Investigator Award in Patient-Oriented Research are for the candidate to fully develop and evaluate innovative, cost-effective psychological treatments to decrease pain and sleep disturbances, and improve functioning in children and adolescents with chronic pain;to expand research knowledge of psychophysical pain assessment;and to teach new clinicians the skills necessary for developing innovative research in pediatric pain and supporting them in their transition to research independence. Over the next period of K24 support, the candidate will complete studies funded with current research support including a NIH/NICHD R01 grant to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered behavioral intervention for pediatric chronic pain and disability (Project 1);and a NIH/NICHD R21 grant to develop and test the efficacy of a parental problem solving intervention designed to reduce distress in parent caregivers of youth with chronic pain (Project 2). New research proposed during the award is focused on evaluating the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of CBT for insomnia in youth with chronic pain and sleep disturbances (Project 3). Career objectives in mentoring beginning clinician investigators are to provide training in conducting assessment and intervention research using innovative technologies, to provide direct experience and training in writing grants and obtaining independent research funding, and to foster a career-long commitment to patient-oriented research. Formal didactic programs are available through several university programs including T32 postdoctoral training, a NIH KL2 program, and a Clinical research mentored scholars program. The University of Washington provides an ideal environment with a strong record of interdisciplinary patient-oriented pain research and collaborative science.
Children and adolescents report severe chronic pain as frequently as adults, making chronic pain a major pediatric health issue with widespread social and economic costs. Unfortunately, access to effective evidence- based pain treatment is a significant barrier for many children. The candidate's research program is focused on developing innovative treatments for youth with chronic pain that are broadly accessible through the Internet, and which can target specific symptoms such as sleep problems. This research is expected to improve the current standard of care for children with chronic pain. The candidate seeks to train the next generation of patient-oriented researchers in this area.
|Noel, Melanie; Wilson, Anna C; Holley, Amy Lewandowski et al. (2016) Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in youth with vs without chronic pain. Pain 157:2277-84|
|Palermo, Tonya M; Law, Emily F; Fales, Jessica et al. (2016) Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral treatment for adolescents with chronic pain and their parents: a randomized controlled multicenter trial. Pain 157:174-85|
|Noel, Melanie; Beals-Erickson, Sarah E; Law, Emily F et al. (2016) Characterizing the Pain Narratives of Parents of Youth With Chronic Pain. Clin J Pain 32:849-58|
|Groenewald, Cornelius B; Rabbitts, Jennifer A; Gebert, J Thomas et al. (2016) Trends in opioid prescriptions among children and adolescents in the United States: a nationally representative study from 1996 to 2012. Pain 157:1021-7|
|Noel, Melanie; Alberts, Nicole; Langer, Shelby L et al. (2016) The Sensitivity to Change and Responsiveness of the Adult Responses to Children's Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Chronic Pain. J Pediatr Psychol 41:350-62|
|Palermo, Tonya M; Law, Emily F; Bromberg, Maggie et al. (2016) Problem-solving skills training for parents of children with chronic pain: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Pain 157:1213-23|
|Rabbitts, Jennifer A; Holley, Amy Lewandowski; Groenewald, Cornelius B et al. (2016) Association Between Widespread Pain Scores and Functional Impairment and Health-Related Quality of Life in Clinical Samples of Children. J Pain 17:678-84|
|Noel, Melanie; Groenewald, Cornelius B; Beals-Erickson, Sarah E et al. (2016) Chronic pain in adolescence and internalizing mental health disorders: a nationally representative study. Pain 157:1333-8|
|Law, Emily F; Fales, Jessica L; Beals-Erickson, Sarah E et al. (2016) A Single-Arm Feasibility Trial of Problem-Solving Skills Training for Parents of Children with Idiopathic Chronic Pain Conditions Receiving Intensive Pain Rehabilitation. J Pediatr Psychol :|
|Groenewald, Cornelius; Palermo, Tonya (2016) Legitimate opioid prescription increases the risk for future opioid misuse in some adolescents. Evid Based Nurs 19:83|
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