Despite major advances in treatment during the past two decades, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of death and disability. The need for improved strategies for primary and secondary prevention is particularly urgent in African Americans, who suffer disproportionately from CVD and its complications, yet have less access to and receive poorer quality of treatment. The Candidate for this Patient-Oriented Research in Cardiovascular Disparities Award proposes to accomplish the following specific aims: 1) To amplify her work in understanding the mechanisms of racial disparities and testing multi-level interventions (patient, clinician, organizational, and community) that reduce disparities and;speed the translation of evidence-based approaches to HTN management into clinical and public health practice, and create models for future interventions;2) To train a new generation of scholars who are engaged in research to better understand causes and identify sustainable solutions to CVD disparities;and 3) to translate and disseminate of evidence generated from her research program into clinical and public health practice and policy by creating, maintaining, and further enhancing partnerships with community residents, health care provider organizations, health departments, community organizations and policy-makers and by using community-based participatory research principles to guide the research through all phases including planning, implementation, evaluation, translation, and dissemination.
Despite major advances in treatment during the past decade, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of death and disability. The need for improved strategies for primary and secondary prevention is particularly urgent in African Americans, who suffer disproportionately from CVD and its complications, yet have less access to and receive poorer quality of treatment. The candidate for this award proposes to apply her expertise in clinical epidemiology, health services research, and implementation science to mentor a cadre of patient-oriented scholars committed to identifying mechanisms for disparities in care and outcomes of CVD and implementing and disseminating effective treatment models for hypertension and its complications, with special emphasis on African Americans.
|Boonyasai, Romsai T; Carson, Kathryn A; Marsteller, Jill A et al. (2017) A bundled quality improvement program to standardize clinical blood pressure measurement in primary care. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) :|
|Hines, Anika L; Roter, Debra; Ghods Dinoso, Bri K et al. (2017) Informed and patient-centered decision-making in the primary care visits of African Americans with depression. Patient Educ Couns :|
|Faigle, Roland; Ziai, Wendy C; Urrutia, Victor C et al. (2017) Racial Differences in Palliative Care Use After Stroke in Majority-White, Minority-Serving, and Racially Integrated U.S. Hospitals. Crit Care Med 45:2046-2054|
|Cené, Crystal W; Haymore, Beth; Laux, Jeffrey P et al. (2017) Family presence and participation during medical visits of heart failure patients: An analysis of survey and audiotaped communication data. Patient Educ Couns 100:250-258|
|Bonham, Vence L; Umeh, Nkeiruka I; Cunningham, Brooke A et al. (2017) Primary Care Physicians' Collection, Comfort, and Use of Race and Ethnicity in Clinical Practice in the United States. Health Equity 1:118-126|
|Faigle, Roland; Urrutia, Victor C; Cooper, Lisa A et al. (2017) Individual and System Contributions to Race and Sex Disparities in Thrombolysis Use for Stroke Patients in the United States. Stroke 48:990-997|
|Hussain, Tanvir; Franz, Whitney; Brown, Emily et al. (2016) The Role of Care Management as a Population Health Intervention to Address Disparities and Control Hypertension: A Quasi-Experimental Observational Study. Ethn Dis 26:285-94|
|Hooper, Lisa M; Tomek, Sara; Roter, Debra et al. (2016) Depression, patient characteristics, and attachment style: correlates and mediators of medication treatment adherence in a racially diverse primary care sample. Prim Health Care Res Dev 17:184-97|
|Purnell, Tanjala S; Luo, Xun; Kucirka, Lauren M et al. (2016) Reduced Racial Disparity in Kidney Transplant Outcomes in the United States from 1990 to 2012. J Am Soc Nephrol 27:2511-8|
|Kan, Athena Wing-ga; Hussain, Tanvir; Carson, Kathryn A et al. (2015) The Contribution of Age and Weight to Blood Pressure Levels Among Blacks and Whites Receiving Care in Community-Based Primary Care Practices. Prev Chronic Dis 12:E161|
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