Neonatal bacterial sepsis is a life threatning disorder occuring in approximately 1-10 patients per 1000 live term births and almost three to four times more commonly in preterm infants. The mortality rate for neonatal bacterial sepsis varies between 20-75% depending on the organism, the immunocompetence of hte host, and associated complications present at diagnosis. Nosocomial infections constitute a major cause of morbibity and mortality. Due to their immunologic immaturity, neonates are particularly vulnerable to the frequent invasive procedures and exposure to resistant organisms during their prolonged hospitalization. Reduced numbers of myeloid progenitor cells and circulating neutrophils contribute significantly to the developmental immaturity of neonatal host defense and to the increased susceptibility of the neonate to overwhelming infection. Future optimal therapy for prevention of neonatal nosocomial infection may include the use of adjuvant immunomodulator therpay. This study is attempting to define the role of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rhu GM-CSF) as an immunomodulator of neonatal one marrow myeloid progenitor activity, its influence on circulating peripheral neutrophil counts and their functional activity, and whether this results in the prevention of neonatal nosocomial infection. Any significant reduction in the incidence of neonatal nosocomial infection will greatly reduce the number of hospital days required for preterm newborns and lessen the morbiidty and mortality associated with this disorder.

Project Start
1998-12-01
Project End
1999-11-30
Budget Start
1998-10-01
Budget End
1999-09-30
Support Year
35
Fiscal Year
1999
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Department
Type
DUNS #
073757627
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
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