The major purpose ofthe Neuropathology Core (NP Core) is to perform diagnostic neuropathologic evaluations on brains of participants in the Einstein Aging Study (EAS) and to support research in the projects. The NP Core integrates its activities with the Einstein/Montefiore Pathology Departmental on-call service for harvesting brains in a timely fashion of subjects enrolled in the EAS. The NP Core uses standardized dissection and processing procedures and collects neuropathologic data from all brains with the following methods: a) Gross examination with digital photography;b) Assessment of histopathology with lesion counts in multiple brain regions with thioflavin-S fluorescent microscopy;c) For cases with vascular lesions, gross lesions are photographed and the number, type and distribution of lesions are documented with histologic methods;d) For cases with Lewy bodies detected in the screening section of the amygdala or cases with any degree of neuronal loss in the substantia nigra, multiple sections of cortex, hippocampus, diencephalon and brainstem are immunostained with antibodies to a-synuclein to permit classification into diagnostic categories recommended by the Consortium for Dementia with Lewy Bodies;e) Non-Alzheimer degenerative dementias are characterized with immunocytochemistry and antibodies to TDP-43, neurofilament, ubiquitin and phospho-tau;and f) A written report on the findings is provided to the Administrative Core and data to the Statistical Core. The NP Core provides support and performs exploratory analyses for correlative analyses with specific data obtained by the clinical projects. Synaptic measures from Project 1. Microvascular measures in gray and white matter for Project 2. White matter and basal ganglia pathology and A^ protein are assessed for correlative studies of gait and balance measures in Project 3. Animal and human tissues are processed for histologic and immunohistochemical studies for Project 4. The NP Core banks DNA and RNA from brain tissue. Tissue quality is assessed by determining RNA Integrity Number. Fixed and frozen tissue, slides and paraffin blocks are banked for future studies. Tissue and DNA are provided to qualified investigators with approval ofthe Administrative Core.

Public Health Relevance

(See Instructions): The Neuropathology Core provides a final diagnosis (the """"""""gold standard"""""""") for the patients enrolled in clinical studies ofthe EAS and is a repository of data and tissue from human and animal models for research purposes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Graff-Radford, Jonathan; Lesnick, Timothy G; Boeve, Bradley F et al. (2016) Predicting Survival in Dementia With Lewy Bodies With Hippocampal Volumetry. Mov Disord 31:989-94
Strauss, S B; Kim, N; Branch, C A et al. (2016) Bidirectional Changes in Anisotropy Are Associated with Outcomes in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol :
Callisaya, Michele L; Ayers, Emmeline; Barzilai, Nir et al. (2016) Motoric Cognitive Risk Syndrome and Falls Risk: A Multi-Center Study. J Alzheimers Dis 53:1043-52
Allen, Mariet; Carrasquillo, Minerva M; Funk, Cory et al. (2016) Human whole genome genotype and transcriptome data for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Sci Data 3:160089
Williams, Kelly L; Topp, Simon; Yang, Shu et al. (2016) CCNF mutations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. Nat Commun 7:11253
Ezzati, Ali; Katz, Mindy J; Zammit, Andrea R et al. (2016) Differential association of left and right hippocampal volumes with verbal episodic and spatial memory in older adults. Neuropsychologia 93:380-385
Ezzati, Ali; Katz, Mindy J; Lipton, Michael L et al. (2016) Hippocampal volume and cingulum bundle fractional anisotropy are independently associated with verbal memory in older adults. Brain Imaging Behav 10:652-9
Carrasquillo, Minerva M; Barber, Imelda; Lincoln, Sarah J et al. (2016) Evaluating pathogenic dementia variants in posterior cortical atrophy. Neurobiol Aging 37:38-44
Zammit, Andrea R; Katz, Mindy J; Derby, Carol et al. (2016) Metabolic Syndrome and Smoking Are Associated with Future Development of Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease in Older Adults. Cardiorenal Med 6:108-15
Walton, Ronald L; Soto-Ortolaza, Alexandra I; Murray, Melissa E et al. (2016) TREM2 p.R47H substitution is not associated with dementia with Lewy bodies. Neurol Genet 2:e85

Showing the most recent 10 out of 269 publications