Dementia is the most common neurological disease in the elderiy. Experimental, epidemiological, and neuropathological evidence suggest associations between vascular factors and cognitive decline and dementia regardless of subtype, with vascular pathology present in half of all dementia cases. However, the mechanisms which underiy these associations are a topic of debate. While large vessel cerebrovascular disease and cortical stroke have been linked to cognitive decline and dementia, the specific role of cerebral small vessel disease is unclear. Few population based studies have assessed cerebral microvascular structure and function in relation to cognitive decline and dementia, due in part to the difficulty of applying specialized and costly imaging techniques in large population based samples. We propose to apply two non- invasive, relatively low cost techniques for assessing microvascular status (with retinal phootography) and function (transcranisal Doppler ultrasound (TCD) with C02 challenge) to test the hypothesis that cerebral hypoperfusion and microvascular disease precede the onset of dementia and contribute to cognitive decline. Because retinal and cerebral arterioles have similar anatomy, physiology and embryology, retinal characteristics assessed by standardized grading of fundus photographs provides a surrogate marker for cerebral microvascular status. Similarly, TCD with C02 challenge is a safe non-invasive technique for assessing cerebral vascular function. Recently, these techniques have been studied in relation to dementia, although the majority of studies have been limited by cross-sectional design, restriction to clinical AD cases, or limited neuropsychological data. Little is known of their associations to eariy cognitive decline and preclinical dementia. Applying these techniques in the EAS will allow us to assess whether retinal microvascular status and cerebrovascular function predict cognitive decline and dementia, with a focus on eariy cognitive changes. To elucidate mechanisms that may underly these associations, we will evaluate whether they mediate associations of vascular risk factors with cognition and will assess the relation of retinal and TCD measures to neuroimaging measures of structual brain changes.

Public Health Relevance

Much is known regarding the prevention and treatment of vascular disease. Better understanding the role of vascular status and function in dementia will direct the application of these strategies toward the prevention of this prevalent condition.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01AG003949-29
Application #
8663756
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
29
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$110,723
Indirect Cost
$44,421
Name
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Department
Type
DUNS #
110521739
City
Bronx
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10461
Hill, Nikki L; Mogle, Jacqueline (2018) Alzheimer's disease risk factors as mediators of subjective memory impairment and objective memory decline: protocol for a construct-level replication analysis. BMC Geriatr 18:260
Eurelings, Lisa Sm; van Dalen, Jan Willem; Ter Riet, Gerben et al. (2018) Apathy and depressive symptoms in older people and incident myocardial infarction, stroke, and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. Clin Epidemiol 10:363-379
Scott, Stacey B; Sliwinski, Martin J; Zawadzki, Matthew et al. (2018) A Coordinated Analysis of Variance in Affect in Daily Life. Assessment :1073191118799460
Blumen, Helena M; Brown, Lucy L; Habeck, Christian et al. (2018) Gray matter volume covariance patterns associated with gait speed in older adults: a multi-cohort MRI study. Brain Imaging Behav :
Kidana, Kiwami; Tatebe, Takuya; Ito, Kaori et al. (2018) Loss of kallikrein-related peptidase 7 exacerbates amyloid pathology in Alzheimer's disease model mice. EMBO Mol Med 10:
Sanchez-Contreras, Monica Y; Kouri, Naomi; Cook, Casey N et al. (2018) Replication of progressive supranuclear palsy genome-wide association study identifies SLCO1A2 and DUSP10 as new susceptibility loci. Mol Neurodegener 13:37
Kasanuki, Koji; Ross, Owen A; DeTure, Michael A et al. (2018) Relationships between lewy and tau pathologies in 375 consecutive non-Alzheimer's olfactory bulbs. Mov Disord 33:333-334
Ogaki, Kotaro; Martens, Yuka A; Heckman, Michael G et al. (2018) Multiple system atrophy and apolipoprotein E. Mov Disord 33:647-650
Hyun, Jinshil; Sliwinski, Martin J; Almeida, David M et al. (2018) The moderating effects of aging and cognitive abilities on the association between work stress and negative affect. Aging Ment Health 22:611-618
Fleysher, Roman; Lipton, Michael L; Noskin, Olga et al. (2018) White matter structural integrity and transcranial Doppler blood flow pulsatility in normal aging. Magn Reson Imaging 47:97-102

Showing the most recent 10 out of 319 publications