ECONOMICS OF HEALTH, WEALTH, AND WELL-BEING The goal of this program project is to better understand people's well-being as they age, and how well-being can be improved by policy. The integrating themes are: (A) Understanding Well-Being: Subproject 1, Characterizing Disability and Its Trends among Older Americans, explores the multiple aspects of health and functional ability, how they are changing, and the factors that have been most important in improving health. Subproject 2 explores Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being, comparing life-evaluation and experiential measures, and how they are influenced by economic circumstances (both absolute and relative), health, age, gender, religiosity, education, and culture. (B) Interactions between Health and Economic Aspects of Well-Being: Subproject 3, The Joint Evolution of Health and Assets in Later Life, analyzes what happens to people's accumulated assets in later life, and how the evolution of people's financial resources relates to the evolution of their health. Subproject 4, Exploring the Dynamics of Health and Wealth Using Linked Administrative Data, develops and estimates new models of the health-wealth dynamic, drawing on detailed medical treatment and cost data. (C) Approaches to Improving Well-Being: Subproject 5, Behavioral Change in the Saving and Health Domains, uses behavioral experiments to learn why framing and context so profoundly influence people's decisions about saving, annuitization, or taking care of their health. Subproject 6 tests the effectiveness of an Intervention to Fight Anemia and Improve Well-Being in a Very Low Income Setting. Subproject 7 analyzes interactions between Disability Programs, Health Status, and Work at Older Ages around the World, comparing disability policies and their impact in a dozen countries. Subproject 8 explores ways of Improving Health and Health Care for Minority and Aging Populations.

Public Health Relevance

Over the next twenty years, the older population will grow faster than at any time in history, reshaping the social and economic environment in which people age. Attention to health, economic circumstances, and other measures of well-being will be particularly important in the context of these transitional challenges.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
2P01AG005842-25
Application #
8214816
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-9 (02))
Program Officer
Baker, Colin S
Project Start
1998-03-06
Project End
2016-08-31
Budget Start
2011-09-30
Budget End
2012-08-31
Support Year
25
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$2,210,747
Indirect Cost
Name
National Bureau of Economic Research
Department
Type
DUNS #
054552435
City
Cambridge
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02138
Pakpahan, Eduwin; Hoffmann, Rasmus; Kröger, Hannes (2017) Retrospective life course data from European countries on how early life experiences determine health in old age and possible mid-life mediators. Data Brief 10:277-282
Stone, Arthur A; Schneider, Stefan; Broderick, Joan E (2017) Psychological stress declines rapidly from age 50 in the United States: Yet another well-being paradox. J Psychosom Res 103:22-28
Deaton, Angus; Cartwright, Nancy (2017) Understanding and misunderstanding randomized controlled trials. Soc Sci Med :
Garcia, Maria Teresa Medeiros; Marques, Pedro Deslandes Correia Vasconcelos (2017) Ownership of individual retirement accounts - an empirical analysis based on SHARE. Int Rev Appl Econ 31:69-82
Gordon, E H; Peel, N M; Samanta, M et al. (2017) Sex differences in frailty: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Exp Gerontol 89:30-40
Chandra, Amitabh; Frakes, Michael; Malani, Anup (2017) Challenges To Reducing Discrimination And Health Inequity Through Existing Civil Rights Laws. Health Aff (Millwood) 36:1041-1047
Rezayatmand, Reza; Groot, Wim; Pavlova, Milena (2017) Smoking behaviour and health care costs coverage: a European cross-country comparison. Int J Health Econ Manag 17:453-471
Sirven, Nicolas; Rapp, Thomas (2017) The Dynamics of Hospital Use among Older People Evidence for Europe Using SHARE Data. Health Serv Res 52:1168-1184
Manski, Richard; Moeller, John (2017) Barriers to oral health across selected European countries and the USA. Int Dent J 67:133-138
Kaschowitz, Judith; Brandt, Martina (2017) Health effects of informal caregiving across Europe: A longitudinal approach. Soc Sci Med 173:72-80

Showing the most recent 10 out of 329 publications