Early Indicators, Intergenerational Processes, and Aging: Core B - Data Development The over-arching purpose of the Data Development Core is to develop new intergenerational databases for the subprojects proposed in this continuation and to continue to develop the Union Army and other data collected by the Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease and Death (EI) program project and auxiliary grants since 1991. The data developed by the EI program project have been an invaluable resource for understanding longitudinal aging processes among the first cohort to reach age 65 in the 20th century and they represent the only large data source for understanding the role of early-life factors in later morbidity and mortality among early 20th century cohorts. The data created by the proposed subprojects will be a unique resource for understanding how intergenerational processes affect aging and longevity. They will be one of the few large intergenerational samples with completed life-spans, long-term socioeconomic status, detailed life-cycle geographic information linked to environmental variables, exogenous health shocks, and including a large number of African-Americans.
Aim 1 : Providing Information Technology support for data collection, dissemination, and outreach.
Aim 2 : Cleaning and processing of the data and ensuring consistency with extant data and across projects.
Aim 3 : Providing documentation so that variables can be understood individually, as well as in relationship to other variables, in the administrative context in which some of them were created, and in historical context.
Aim 4 : Creating a user-friendly web portal where newly collected and extant data can be downloaded throughout the life of the project and afterward.
Aim 5 : Documenting and making publicly available the data sets created by senior investigators for their papers, together with their working papers.
Aim 6 : Promoting and encouraging the use of the EI data through on-line tutorials, on-line data/how-to presentation videos, webinars, social media, and data presentations at scholarly conferences.

Public Health Relevance

Maintaining, improving, and making publicly accessible the data collected by this program project will make it easier for the investigators to analyze the data for their projects, will permit replication by other researchers, and will enable researchers to use the data for analytical aims different from those proposed by in this program project.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Costa, Dora (2015) Health and the Economy in the United States, from 1750 to the Present. J Econ Lit 53:503-570
Lee, Chulhee (2015) Industrial Characteristics and Employment of Older Manufacturing Workers in the Early-Twentieth-Century United States. Soc Sci Hist 39:551-579
Costa, Dora L (2014) Leaders: Privilege, Sacrifice, Opportunity, and Personnel Economics in the American Civil War. J Law Econ Organ 30:437-462
Hong, Sok Chul (2013) Malaria: an early indicator of later disease and work level. J Health Econ 32:612-32
Fogel, Robert W; Cain, Louis; Burton, Joseph et al. (2013) Was what ail'd ya what kill'd ya? Econ Hum Biol 11:269-80
Costa, Dora L (2012) Scarring and mortality selection among Civil War POWs: a long-term mortality, morbidity, and socioeconomic follow-up. Demography 49:1185-206
Bleakley, Hoyt; Lin, Jeffrey (2012) Portage and Path Dependence. Q J Econ 127:587-644
Bleakley, Hoyt; Lin, Jeffrey (2012) Thick-Market Effects and Churning in the Labor Market: Evidence from U.S. Cities. J Urban Econ 72:87-103
Lee, Chulhee (2012) Military Service and Economic Mobility: Evidence from the American Civil War. Explor Econ Hist 49:367-379
Costa, Dora L; Kahn, Matthew E (2010) Health, wartime stress, and unit cohesion: evidence from Union Army veterans. Demography 47:45-66

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