Project #1 - Intergenerational Processes and Aging of White Americans Intergenerational processes affect aging and longevity through genetics, epigenetic changes in genes arising from environmental stressors, investments parents make in their children, the attitudes or behaviors they impart to their children, and the neighborhoods in which they live. Intergenerational databases provide a way to understand the mechanisms of intergenerational transmission, but few databases provide information on major stressful events and control groups for such events. This project will create an intergenerational database to elucidate the causal mechanisms of intergenerational transmission and will study the transmission of stressful events from parents to children.
Aim 1 : Create public use samples of the children of 1,882 veterans who were POWs and who survived to 1900 and children of 8,500 non-POW veterans who survived to 1900.
Aim 2 : Create inferred variables for education and socioeconomic standing from census sources for use in the analyses and make these variables publicly available.
Aim 3 : Investigate the impact on children's later life longevity of own early life experiences and paternal POW status, combat stress and war time health shocks, and early life experiences, as well as paternal and maternal longevity.
Aim 4 : Examine whether paternal stress affects child longevity through effects of stress on paternal socioeconomic status and child education and whether early childhood stress affects longevity through effects on own socioeconomic status and education.
Aim 5 : Examine the choice for children and their elderly parents between co-residence, separate nearby households, and separate distant households and the determinants of this choice.
Aim 6 (discussed in Project #2): Examine differences in intergenerational mobility and the intergenerational transmission of longevity and socioeconomic status by race and in residential choices.
Aim 7 (discussed in Project #3): Examine the effects of father's wartime stress on children's later socio- economic and longevity outcomes by comparing the children of veterans with those of non-veterans.
The intergenerational database created in this project will elucidate the mechanisms of the transmission of longevity and socioeconomic status from parent to child with a particular emphasis on the transmission of combat and POW stress. By understanding how intergenerational processes affect aging and longevity we can better predict future aging and longevity trends and make more informed interventions.
|Costa, Dora L; Yetter, Noelle; DeSomer, Heather (2018) Intergenerational transmission of paternal trauma among US Civil War ex-POWs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:11215-11220|
|Costa, Dora L; Kahn, Matthew E; Roudiez, Christopher et al. (2018) Persistent Social Networks: Civil War Veterans Who Fought Together Co-Locate in Later Life. Reg Sci Urban Econ 70:289-299|
|Costa, Dora L; Kahn, Matthew E; Roudiez, Christopher et al. (2018) Data set from the Union Army samples to study locational choice and social networks. Data Brief 17:226-233|
|Costa, Dora L; Kahn, Matthew E (2017) DEATH AND THE MEDIA: INFECTIOUS DISEASE REPORTING DURING THE HEALTH TRANSITION. Economica 84:393-416|
|Costa, Dora L; DeSomer, Heather; Hanss, Eric et al. (2017) Union Army Veterans, All Grown Up. Hist Methods 50:79-95|
|Bleakley, Hoyt; Hong, Sok Chul (2017) Adapting to the Weather: Lessons from U.S. History. J Econ Hist 77:756-795|
|Abramitzky, Ran; Boustan, Leah (2017) Immigration in American Economic History. J Econ Lit 55:1311-1345|
|Bleakley, Hoyt; Ferrie, Joseph (2016) Shocking Behavior: Random Wealth in Antebellum Georgia and Human Capital Across Generations. Q J Econ 131:1455-1495|
|Costa, Dora (2015) Health and the Economy in the United States, from 1750 to the Present. J Econ Lit 53:503-570|
|Costa, Dora L; Kahn, Matthew E (2015) Declining Mortality Inequality within Cities during the Health Transition. Am Econ Rev 105:564-9|
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