The primary goals of Project 1 are (1) to recruit a new national probability sample of 2,100 respondents (aged 25-54) as well as a new stratified sample of 500 African Americans from Milwaukee, Wl (also aged 25-54), and (2) carry out the 2nd longitudinal follow-up ofthe existing samples (MIDUS III). All respondents will complete the same set of assessments - a phone interview (or personal interview in Milwaukee) and selfadministered questionnaires - that were obtained at MIDUS II. A key reason for refreshing (augmenting) the MIDUS samples is to allow for investigation of period effects ofthe economic recession by comparing sameaged adults from the MIDUS I (pre-recession) sample assessed in 1995/96 with the refresher (postrecession) sample assessed in 2011/12 on a multitude of indicators of economic adversity, mental and physical health, and psychosocial moderators. The expanded sample sizes will also facilitate cross-project analyses focused on the interplay of sociodemographic, psychosocial, and biological influences on the health of mid- and later-life adults. The second primary objective, that of launching the 3rd wave of assessments on the existing MIDUS samples (? 5,500 respondents), will allow for more precise and reliable estimates of change in key variables as well as strengthen opportunities for testing psychosocial factors (negative and positive) as moderators or mediators of age-related changes in health. Our revision offers extensive evidence of the many lines of research that have been pursued with MIDUS survey data (255 publications to date, 59 of which are based on MIDUS II data), all of which will be advanced by the planned expansion of the sample and its related focus on the economic recession as well as by carrying out the next longitudinal follow-up of the existing sample. Project 1 also serves as the hub from which all other projects emanate, making its sample recruitment and data collection essential for moving forward all components ofthe MIDUS enterprise. Overall, our planned additions will allow MIDUS to become a major forum for investigating how the economic recession is affecting the health of young and midlife adults, while also move forward the next phase of assessments 9-10 years later (adhering to the interval between MIDUS I and MIDUS II) with the existing sample. In the longer term, our proposed plans lay the groundwork for longitudinal tracking of parallel samples of adults (aged 25-54) from different birth cohorts whose biopsychosocial aging is unfolding in the context of major economic upheaval - hence, our emphasis, akin to Elder's classic work, on adults of the great recession.

Public Health Relevance

The societal significance ofthe proposed research is that MIDUS will advance knowledge of external life challenges, including economic adversity, along with intervening psychological outlooks and social relationships are consequential for later life health (morbidity and mortality). Because such psychosocial factors can serve as protective resources and, in addition, are modifiable, they serve as important targets for prevention and positive health promotion in the U.S. population, particulariy in difficult economic times.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-1)
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University of Wisconsin Madison
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Grupe, Daniel W; Schaefer, Stacey M; Lapate, Regina C et al. (2018) Behavioral and neural indices of affective coloring for neutral social stimuli. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 13:310-320
Kong, Jooyoung (2018) Effect of Caring for an Abusive Parent on Mental Health: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem. Gerontologist 58:456-466
Wardecker, Britney M; Matsick, Jes L; Graham-Engeland, Jennifer E et al. (2018) Life Satisfaction Across Adulthood in Bisexual Men and Women: Findings from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Study. Arch Sex Behav :
Serrat, Rodrigo; Villar, Feliciano; Pratt, Michael W et al. (2018) On the quality of adjustment to retirement: The longitudinal role of personality traits and generativity. J Pers 86:435-449
van Reekum, Carien M; Schaefer, Stacey M; Lapate, Regina C et al. (2018) Aging is associated with a prefrontal lateral-medial shift during picture-induced negative affect. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 13:156-163
Kitayama, Shinobu; Park, Jiyoung; Miyamoto, Yuri et al. (2018) Behavioral Adjustment Moderates the Link Between Neuroticism and Biological Health Risk: A U.S.-Japan Comparison Study. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 44:809-822
Drewelies, Johanna; Agrigoroaei, Stefan; Lachman, Margie E et al. (2018) Age variations in cohort differences in the United States: Older adults report fewer constraints nowadays than those 18 years ago, but mastery beliefs are diminished among younger adults. Dev Psychol 54:1408-1425
Radler, Barry T; Rigotti, Attilio; Ryff, Carol D (2018) Persistently high psychological well-being predicts better HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels: findings from the midlife in the U.S. (MIDUS) longitudinal study. Lipids Health Dis 17:1
Song, Jieun; Mailick, Marsha R; Greenberg, Jan S (2018) Health of parents of individuals with developmental disorders or mental health problems: Impacts of stigma. Soc Sci Med 217:152-158
Wolf, Tovah; Tsenkova, Vera; Ryff, Carol D et al. (2018) Neural, Hormonal, and Cognitive Correlates of Metabolic Dysfunction and Emotional Reactivity. Psychosom Med 80:452-459

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