This project will add a time diary supplement for older participants in the longest running national panel study in the US, the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). When used in combination with PSID's long-term;measures of health, economic wellbeing and rich familial context, the proposed diary collection will allow unparalleled exploration of mechanisms that promote subjective wellbeing in later life. The overarching goals of this project are: 1) to create a free, publicly available national resource of diary-based measures of time use and wellbeing for older adults in the 2013 PSID;and 2) to undertake new analyses that will refocus the literature on disability and related care on the mechanisms through which participation and wellbeing are maintained in later life. Time diaries will be collected by telephone from approximately 2,100 to 2,400 individuals who are either age 60 or older or the spouse/partner of someone that age, for one random weekday and one random weekend day. Supplemental questions will focus on disability, evaluative wellbeing, and new items will address quality of relationships, as well as psychological factors such as personality. After the data are publicly released, the project team will undertake the first national portrait of ? later-life disability, time use, and affect during the 24-hour day. We will also investigate the role of economic, social, and psychological factors in buffering the effects of disability on time use and experienced wellbeing and the circumstances under which giving time to others yields well being. These analyses are made possible by PSID's rich panel measures of health, recent and longer-term economic wellbeing, and familial context. Public availability of such data will allow investigators to more fully understand the consequences of loss of functioning in later life for subjective wellbeing. Such atopic is of substantial scientific and public health import, given the aging of the population, the high prevalence of disability in later life, and projected increases in the number of older adults with limitations.

Public Health Relevance

Understanding the consequences of loss of functioning in later life for subjective wellbeing is of public health import, given the aging of the population, the high prevalence of disability in later life, and projected increases in the number of older adults with limitations. This study will refocus the literature on disability and related care on the mechanisms through which participation and wellbeing are maintained in later life.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01AG029409-07
Application #
8589569
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2013-12-01
Budget End
2014-11-30
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$433,688
Indirect Cost
$89,832
Name
University of Michigan Ann Arbor
Department
Type
DUNS #
073133571
City
Ann Arbor
State
MI
Country
United States
Zip Code
48109
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Clarke, Philippa; Latham, Kenzie (2014) Life course health and socioeconomic profiles of Americans aging with disability. Disabil Health J 7:S15-23
Freedman, Vicki A; Cornman, Jennifer C; Carr, Deborah (2014) Is spousal caregiving associated with enhanced well-being? New evidence from the panel study of income dynamics. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 69:861-9
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Freedman, Vicki A; Stafford, Frank; Schwarz, Norbert et al. (2012) Disability, participation, and subjective wellbeing among older couples. Soc Sci Med 74:588-96
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Smith, James Patrick; Smith, Gillian C (2010) Long-term economic costs of psychological problems during childhood. Soc Sci Med 71:110-5

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