Our long-term goal is to determine how gonadotropins function. Gonadotropins require N-glycans to fully activate their cognate receptors even though high affinity binding involves only protein-protein interactions. Gonadotropins are used to treat infertility, but become progressively less effective as patients age. Urinary and recombinant hFSH preparations lack a novel, highly active glycoform, di-glycosylated hFSH, that possesses only a subunit N-glycans and which predominates in pituitaries of young women. The relative abundance of di-glycosylated and tetra-glycosylated hFSH appear to be physiologically regulated. This proposal will define these changes and study possible mechanisms to explain differences in activity via 2 specific aims. 1. Characterize cyclic- and age-related changes in hFSH glycoform abundance. First, we will measure urinary FSH glycoform abundance in young healthy cycling women. Our working hypothesis is that ovarian feedback will alter FSH glycoform abundance. Second, we will evaluate glycoform abundance during the perimenopausal period, as the timing of the shift in glycoform abundance is unknown. One hypothesis is that FSH glycoform abundance changes gradually during the perimenopausal period, thereby contributing to declining fertility. An alternative hypothesis is that glycoform abundance changes abruptly at the menopausal transition. Finally, we will examine glycoform abundance in post-menopausal women and compare individuals receiving estrogen replacement therapy with those receiving none. Our working hypothesis is estrogen selectively inhibits hFSHfi glycosylation. 2. Identify a and /? subunit glycosylation patterns modulating FSH receptor-binding and FSH-stimulated steroidogenesis. We will compare receptor-binding and steroidogenic activities of di- and tetra-glycosylated hFSH. Our hypothesis is that di-glycosylated hFSH on rate is faster than tetra-glycosylated hFSH. The relationship of FSHR binding and steroidogenic activity will be compared. Our working hypothesis is that di-glycosylated hFSH will exhibit greater biological activity than predicted by its significatly higher receptor-binding activity. This project is centered around glycoforms readily identified by western blotting and lays the ground for future studies by contributing to the development of methods to rapidly characterize FSH glycosylation. A perimenopausal marker and more effective preparations for treating infertility are potential practical outcomes of this project.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-5)
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Wichita State University
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Roy, Sambit; Gandra, Divya; Seger, Christina et al. (2018) Oocyte-Derived Factors (GDF9 and BMP15) and FSH Regulate AMH Expression Via Modulation of H3K27AC in Granulosa Cells. Endocrinology 159:3433-3445
Kumar, T Rajendra (2018) Fshb Knockout Mouse Model, Two Decades Later and Into the Future. Endocrinology 159:1941-1949
Das, Nandana; Kumar, T Rajendra (2018) Molecular regulation of follicle-stimulating hormone synthesis, secretion and action. J Mol Endocrinol 60:R131-R155
Gilbert, Sara Babcock; Roof, Allyson K; Rajendra Kumar, T (2018) Mouse models for the analysis of gonadotropin secretion and action. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 32:219-239
Kumar, T Rajendra (2018) Extragonadal Actions of FSH: A Critical Need for Novel Genetic Models. Endocrinology 159:2-8
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Liu, Peng; Ji, Yaoting; Yuen, Tony et al. (2017) Blocking FSH induces thermogenic adipose tissue and reduces body fat. Nature 546:107-112
Kumar, T Rajendra (2017) The SO(H)L(H) ""O"" drivers of oocyte growth and survival but not meiosis I. J Clin Invest 127:2044-2047
Wang, Huizhen; Hastings, Richard; Miller, William L et al. (2016) Fshb-iCre mice are efficient and specific Cre deleters for the gonadotrope lineage. Mol Cell Endocrinol 419:124-38
Wang, Huizhen; May, Jacob; Butnev, Viktor et al. (2016) Evaluation of in vivo bioactivities of recombinant hypo- (FSH21/18) and fully- (FSH24) glycosylated human FSH glycoforms in Fshb null mice. Mol Cell Endocrinol 437:224-236

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