The In Vitro Core will provide the centralized bacterial, cell culture and molecular microbiology diagnostic support needed for each of the Projects. Cp and Pg will be grown in high-volume at high titter for in-vivo inoculation experiments, and for in-vitro cell stimulation experiments. Purified Cp will be prepared in the appropriate cell lines to avoid cross species antigen stimulation. Cp and Pg will be purified at high level for in-vitro experiments. Cp fluorescence staining will be use to evidence infection for in-vitro experiments, and the morphology and maturation of Cp inclusions. The Core will culture macrophages from wild type and knockout mice, to be challenged with Cp and Pg for the study cytokine profiles and foam cell formation. DNA will be extracted from mice tissue (gingival, blood, lung, liver, spleen, and aorta), collected at different time points during infection, and microbial (Cp or Pg) DNA will be detected by PCR using primer sets specific for each microorganism. The number of organism (loads) contained in the tissue sample will be quantified using a new end point quantitative PCR method (a-PCR) that we have previously validated to study Ct infection and transmission. This assay has an excellent correlation with quantitative Ct culture. Cp and Pg loads will be quantified in in-vivo experiments. The presence of a threshold in the number of organisms in tissue that divide mice into responder vs. non-responders to bacterial antigen stimulation will be investigated. We hypothesize that the innate response is dependent on the organism load, and that un-infected mice and mice with low organism loads will have a lower response (or no response) compared with mice having higher organisms loads. We will study how organisms loads: 1) are modified by changes in innate immunity respond in infected gene-deficient mice (IL-p, IL-1R, ApoE, and LXR knockout mice);2) influence the acceleration of atherosclerosis in mice infected with either Pg or Cp;and 3) influence oral bone loss in mice infected with Pg.

Public Health Relevance

Common bacterial pathogens such as Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cp) which often cause unrecognized upper respiratory infection, and Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) the main cause of periodontal disease, could also cause long lasting relentless inflammatory illnesses that result in the formation of intra-vascular lesions and in the case of Pg bone loss. The studies in this proposal seek to gain a better understanding of how these pathogens adapt to colonize humans while evading the natural immune defenses, and the long lasting inflammatory processes they induce. The In Vitro Core will provide the molecular and diagnostic support for all the projects in this proposal.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01AI078894-05
Application #
8711211
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Boston University
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02118
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Huang, Nasi; Gibson 3rd, Frank C (2014) Immuno-pathogenesis of Periodontal Disease: Current and Emerging Paradigms. Curr Oral Health Rep 1:124-132
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Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Yazdani B; Huang, Nasi; Gibson 3rd, Frank C (2014) Inflammatory response to Porphyromonas gingivalis partially requires interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3. Innate Immun 20:312-9
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He, Xianbao; Berland, Robert; Mekasha, Samrawit et al. (2013) The sst1 resistance locus regulates evasion of type I interferon signaling by Chlamydia pneumoniae as a disease tolerance mechanism. PLoS Pathog 9:e1003569
Freedman, Jane E; Tanriverdi, Kahraman (2013) Defining miRNA targets: balancing simplicity with complexity. Circulation 127:2075-7
Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Y B; Huang, N; Baer, M T et al. (2013) Role of MyD88-dependent and MyD88-independent signaling in Porphyromonas gingivalis-elicited macrophage foam cell formation. Mol Oral Microbiol 28:28-39

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