The pathogenic bacteria Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Porphyromanas gingivalis induce chronic inflammation. Epidemiological studies in humans and mouse models support a role for C. pneumoniae and P. gingivalis in chronic inflammatory plaque accumulation. IHowever, how these pathogens induce and maintain chronic inflammation is not well defined. Proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1B , TNF, and IL-6 play a critical role in chronic inflammation. It is known that human inflammatory vascular plaque is associated with polymorphisms in the IL-1 receptor antagonist gene and that IL-1 plays a role in bacterial induced inflammatory vascular plaque accumulation in mice. IL-1B polymorphisms are also associated with P. gingivalis mediated human inflammatory periodontal disease. In this project we will test the following hypotheses: 1) The induction of IL-1B occurs via a defined mechanism in endothelial cells which leads to stimulation of functional responses in platelets and macrophages;and 2) IL-1 plays a critical role in chronic oral inflammatory bone loss and inflammatory plaque formation that is associated with P. gingivalis chronic infection via cell specific mechanisms. To test these hypotheses we propose the following Aims:
Aim 1. To define the mechanism by which 1L1-B is induced in response to P. gingivalis in mouse endothelial cells and how IL-1 B modulates platelet and macrophage function.
Aim 2. To define the role of lL-1 and cell specificity in expression in P. gingivalis induced oral inflammatory bone loss in a mouse model.
Aim 3. To define the role of IL-1 and cell specificitv in expression in P. gingivalis induced chronic inflammation and plaque accumulation in a mouse model. Project 4 together with Projects 1- 3 will define the role of specific innate immune signaling molecules in P. gingivalis and C. pneumoniae induced inflammatory responses in cells relevant to chronic inflammatory processes, will characterize the roles of these innate immune pathways in inflammatory processes in vivo and define cell specificitv in these responses.
The significance of this work is that it will define new mechanisms and signaling pathways in immune cells which functionally and collectively contribute to inflammatory pathways and will provide new mouse models for future studies. Enhanced understanding of the roles of innate immune signaling pathways and functional responses will ultimately provide a promising avenue for novel therapies for chronic inflammatory disorders.
|Papadopoulos, G; Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Y B; Huang, N et al. (2017) Immunologic environment influences macrophage response to Porphyromonas gingivalis. Mol Oral Microbiol 32:250-261|
|Kramer, Carolyn D; Simas, Alexandra M; He, Xianbao et al. (2017) Distinct roles for dietary lipids and Porphyromonas gingivalis infection on atherosclerosis progression and the gut microbiota. Anaerobe 45:19-30|
|Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Yazdani B; Mekasha, Samrawit; He, Xianbao et al. (2016) Signaling events in pathogen-induced macrophage foam cell formation. Pathog Dis 74:|
|El-Awady, Ahmed R; Miles, Brodie; Scisci, Elizabeth et al. (2015) Porphyromonas gingivalis evasion of autophagy and intracellular killing by human myeloid dendritic cells involves DC-SIGN-TLR2 crosstalk. PLoS Pathog 10:e1004647|
|Koupenova, Milka; Mick, Eric; Mikhalev, Ekaterina et al. (2015) Sex differences in platelet toll-like receptors and their association with cardiovascular risk factors. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 35:1030-7|
|Huang, N; Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Y B; LaValley, M P et al. (2015) Liver X receptors contribute to periodontal pathogen-elicited inflammation and oral bone loss. Mol Oral Microbiol 30:438-50|
|He, Xianbao; Liang, Yanmei; LaValley, Michael P et al. (2015) Comparative analysis of the growth and biological activity of a respiratory and atheroma isolate of Chlamydia pneumoniae reveals strain-dependent differences in inflammatory activity and innate immune evasion. BMC Microbiol 15:228|
|Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, Y B; Huang, N; Weinberg, E O et al. (2015) Aging and contribution of MyD88 and TRIF to expression of TLR pathway-associated genes following stimulation with Porphyromonas gingivalis. J Periodontal Res 50:89-102|
|Beaulieu, Lea M; Clancy, Lauren; Tanriverdi, Kahraman et al. (2015) Specific Inflammatory Stimuli Lead to Distinct Platelet Responses in Mice and Humans. PLoS One 10:e0131688|
|Kramer, Carolyn D; Weinberg, Ellen O; Gower, Adam C et al. (2014) Distinct gene signatures in aortic tissue from ApoE-/- mice exposed to pathogens or Western diet. BMC Genomics 15:1176|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 29 publications