- PROJECT 2 The central goal of Project 2 is to understand the various roles of alternative splicing in cancer, and to exploit cancer-specific features of this process to develop targeted-therapeutic approaches. Cancer cells display extensive qualitative and quantitative dysregulation of splicing, and a subset of the numerous isoforms that are inappropriately expressed contribute to tumorigenesis or altered cell metabolism. The mechanisms and pathways through which the splicing-factor oncoproteins SRSF2 and SRSF1 transform cells will continue to be investigated. Cell-culture models, as well as orthotopic and genetic mouse models will be used to study tumorigenesis promoted by these splicing factors upon mutation or overexpression in different cancer contexts, with an emphasis on recurrent mutations in myeloid dysplasias. High-throughput RNA-sequencing and computational analysis will be employed to identify and compare the splicing targets of these SR proteins in different cancer contexts, and selected targets will be characterized and manipulated to evaluate their contributions to tumorigenesis and potential as therapeutic targets or biomarkers. One key event, alternative splicing of pyruvate kinase pre-mRNA, which controls the distinctive glycolytic metabolism of cancer cells, will be thoroughly investigated as a potential therapeutic target, by specifically manipulating this process in vivo, using antisense technology and mouse models of glioma and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Public Health Relevance

- PROJECT 2 Alternative splicing is a fundamental step in the normal function of genes. In cancer cells, this process is altered in ways that can contribute to tumor growth. By studying the roles of alternative splicing in cancer, unique vulnerabilities of cancer cells can be uncovered, which can then be investigated as therapeutic targets.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Cold Spring Harbor
United States
Zip Code
Li, Meng Amy; Amaral, Paulo P; Cheung, Priscilla et al. (2017) A lncRNA fine tunes the dynamics of a cell state transition involving Lin28, let-7 and de novo DNA methylation. Elife 6:
Diermeier, Sarah D; Spector, David L (2017) Antisense Oligonucleotide-mediated Knockdown in Mammary Tumor Organoids. Bio Protoc 7:
Pelossof, Raphael; Fairchild, Lauren; Huang, Chun-Hao et al. (2017) Prediction of potent shRNAs with a sequential classification algorithm. Nat Biotechnol 35:350-353
Roe, Jae-Seok; Hwang, Chang-Il; Somerville, Tim D D et al. (2017) Enhancer Reprogramming Promotes Pancreatic Cancer Metastasis. Cell 170:875-888.e20
Zhang, Bin; Mao, Yuntao S; Diermeier, Sarah D et al. (2017) Identification and Characterization of a Class of MALAT1-like Genomic Loci. Cell Rep 19:1723-1738
Mu, Ping; Zhang, Zeda; Benelli, Matteo et al. (2017) SOX2 promotes lineage plasticity and antiandrogen resistance in TP53- and RB1-deficient prostate cancer. Science 355:84-88
Anczuków, Olga; Krainer, Adrian R (2016) Splicing-factor alterations in cancers. RNA 22:1285-301
Baker, Leena; BeGora, Michael; Au Yeung, Faith et al. (2016) Scribble is required for pregnancy-induced alveologenesis in the adult mammary gland. J Cell Sci 129:2307-15
Tasdemir, Nilgun; Banito, Ana; Roe, Jae-Seok et al. (2016) BRD4 Connects Enhancer Remodeling to Senescence Immune Surveillance. Cancer Discov 6:612-29
Hossain, Manzar; Stillman, Bruce (2016) Opposing roles for DNA replication initiator proteins ORC1 and CDC6 in control of Cyclin E gene transcription. Elife 5:

Showing the most recent 10 out of 592 publications