Project 1. Sustained, high rates of production of nitric oxide (NO) by cells of the immune system, as occurs during chronic inflammation, has been strongly implicated in the development of various forms of cancer. Quantifying pathophysiological levels of NO is crucial for understanding the relationship between endogenous NO synthesis and carcinogenesis. Equally important is knowing the concentrations of reactive intermediates derived from NO, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrous anhydride (N2O3), and peroxynitrite (ONOO-), because these species are likely mediators of damage to cells arising from NO. It is not feasible to directly measure the concentrations of any of these compounds under most conditions of interest, yet such information is needed to correlate levels of toxicity and rates of mutation in cell cultures with actual levels of exposure, and to extrapolate those findings to situations in the body. There is a need also for

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-GRB-P)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
United States
Zip Code
Whary, Mark T; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar; Ge, Zhongming et al. (2014) Helminth co-infection in Helicobacter pylori infected INS-GAS mice attenuates gastric premalignant lesions of epithelial dysplasia and glandular atrophy and preserves colonization resistance of the stomach to lower bowel microbiota. Microbes Infect 16:345-55
Kiraly, Orsolya; Gong, Guanyu; Roytman, Megan D et al. (2014) DNA glycosylase activity and cell proliferation are key factors in modulating homologous recombination in vivo. Carcinogenesis 35:2495-502
Lertpiriyapong, Kvin; Handt, Laurence; Feng, Yan et al. (2014) Pathogenic properties of enterohepatic Helicobacter spp. isolated from rhesus macaques with intestinal adenocarcinoma. J Med Microbiol 63:1004-16
Ge, Zhongming; Feng, Yan; Muthupalani, Sureshkumar et al. (2014) Helicobacter hepaticus cholesterol-?-glucosyltransferase is essential for establishing colonization in male A/JCr mice. Helicobacter 19:280-8
Shrivastav, Nidhi; Fedeles, Bogdan I; Li, Deyu et al. (2014) A chemical genetics analysis of the roles of bypass polymerase DinB and DNA repair protein AlkB in processing N2-alkylguanine lesions in vivo. PLoS One 9:e94716
Fox, James G; Wang, Timothy C (2014) Dietary factors modulate Helicobacter-associated gastric cancer in rodent models. Toxicol Pathol 42:162-81
Kumar, Yadunanda; Liang, Cui; Limmon, Gino V et al. (2014) Molecular analysis of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage in a mouse model of influenza reveals markers of disease severity that can be clinically useful in humans. PLoS One 9:e86912
Singh, Vipender; Peng, Chunte Sam; Li, Deyu et al. (2014) Direct observation of multiple tautomers of oxythiamine and their recognition by the thiamine pyrophosphate riboswitch. ACS Chem Biol 9:227-36
Li, Deyu; Fedeles, Bogdan I; Singh, Vipender et al. (2014) Tautomerism provides a molecular explanation for the mutagenic properties of the anti-HIV nucleoside 5-aza-5,6-dihydro-2'-deoxycytidine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111:E3252-9
Swennes, Alton G; Sheh, Alexander; Parry, Nicola M A et al. (2014) Helicobacter hepaticus infection promotes hepatitis and preneoplastic foci in farnesoid X receptor (FXR) deficient mice. PLoS One 9:e106764

Showing the most recent 10 out of 305 publications