Project 3 will test and clinically validate mechanisms and pharmacologic strategies explored in Projects 1-2, which target Akt-mTOR, AMPK-mTOR, and Fyn/RSK pathways. Advanced clinical/translational study of skin cancer carcinogenesis, biology, and pathophysiology will help reduce morbidity/ mortality, provide insight into keratinocyte signaling, and provide an easily-accessed human model of full-spectrum carcinogenesis for other epithelial cancers. The overall goal of this Program Project is to eradicate intraepithelial neoplasias (lEN) and substantially reduce the risk of squamous cell carcinoma. Our objectives are to determine clinical, histopathologic, karyometric, and protein/phosphoprotein activation patterns associated with human skin carcinogenesis and to develop safe, active drugs for skin cancer prevention. The hypothesis for this project is that topical small molecule drugs can modulate specific targets in solar UV-induced signaling cascades resulting in attenuation or reversal of skin sun damage.
Aims i nclude;1) To demonstrate and cross-validate signaling targets and pathways activated in chronically sun-exposed human skin;2) To validate signaling pathway modulation demonstrated by small molecule inhibitors in preclinical studies by acutely exposing human skin to solar simulated light;3) To demonstrate safety and tolerability of new topical drugs when applied to human skin;4) To demonstrate biomarker and epidermal target modulation by topical drugs applied to sun-damaged human skin;and 5) To demonstrate clinical benefit of topical drugs (especially drug combinations), and further validate biomarker selection in skin cancer chemoprevention trials. Developmental Aims include: 1) To further develop optical coherence tomography hardware and discriminative image-analysis software;and 2) To develop a "skin chip" for mRNA expression array analysis directly from fixed tissue using a quantitative nuclease protection assay. New strategies include use of solar simulated light instead of fractionated UVA or UVB;advanced reverse-phase protein microarray technology for molecular network analysis;and faster drug/target validation using "Phase 0" clinical trials. Translation of new topical drug/target discoveries will direct new individualized treatment of lEN In the skin. This highly interactive and clinically translational research program project focuses on the successful preclinical testing of targeted chemoprevention agents in Innovative mouse models (Projects 1 and 2) followed by the design and implementation of clinical trials in at-risk human populations (Project 3). Detailed descriptions ofthe decision-tree selection process as well as the interactions between Projects and Cores are found on the Resources Format Page.

Public Health Relevance

The intent of this Project is to develop new strategies to prevent skin cancer caused by long-term sun exposure. New drugs will be tested in clinical trials for the ability to treat sun damage and prevent or treat precancerous lesions. The successful completion of this Project can lead to new drugs that can lower the incidence of skin cancer, the most prevalent type of cancer in the U.S.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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University of Arizona
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Dickinson, Sally E; Rusche, Jadrian J; Bec, Sergiu L et al. (2015) The effect of sulforaphane on histone deacetylase activity in keratinocytes: Differences between in vitro and in vivo analyses. Mol Carcinog 54:1513-20
Glazer, Evan S; Hornbrook, Mark C; Krouse, Robert S (2014) A meta-analysis of randomized trials: immediate stent placement vs. surgical bypass in the palliative management of malignant biliary obstruction. J Pain Symptom Manage 47:307-14
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Sheng, Yuqiao; Li, Wei; Zhu, Feng et al. (2014) 3,6,2',4',5'-Pentahydroxyflavone, an orally bioavailable multiple protein kinase inhibitor, overcomes gefitinib resistance in non-small cell lung cancer. J Biol Chem 289:28192-201
Lim, Tae-Gyu; Lee, Sung-Young; Huang, Zunnan et al. (2014) Curcumin suppresses proliferation of colon cancer cells by targeting CDK2. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 7:466-74
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Lim, Do Young; Lee, Mee-Hyun; Shin, Seung Ho et al. (2014) (+)-2-(1-Hydroxyl-4-oxocyclohexyl) ethyl caffeate suppresses solar UV-induced skin carcinogenesis by targeting PI3K, ERK1/2, and p38. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 7:856-65
Yao, Ke; Chen, Hanyong; Liu, Kangdong et al. (2014) Kaempferol targets RSK2 and MSK1 to suppress UV radiation-induced skin cancer. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 7:958-67
Dickinson, Sally E; Olson, Erik R; Levenson, Corey et al. (2014) A novel chemopreventive mechanism for a traditional medicine: East Indian sandalwood oil induces autophagy and cell death in proliferating keratinocytes. Arch Biochem Biophys 558:143-52
Franklin, Stephen J; Dickinson, Sally E; Karlage, Kelly L et al. (2014) Stability of sulforaphane for topical formulation. Drug Dev Ind Pharm 40:494-502

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