The goals of this Program are to broaden the application and increase success and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) after nonmyeloablative conditioning in treating of patients with hematologic malignancies. To this end, we propose two preclinical and two clinical projects. The preclinical Projects 1 and 2 involve a canine model of HCT with a long history of clinical translation. Project 1, which developed the clinical HCT regimen used in Projects 3 and 4, will address three major issues in allogeneic HCT. One is to replace the cytotoxic conditioning regimen with biological means of tolerance induction to donor grafts and thereby reduce late regimen-related sequela. Another is to explore novel ways of preventing graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) that will avoid the need for and side effects from current long-term post-grafting immunosuppression. The third is to improve eradication of persistent malignancies as seen in patients transplanted under Projects 3 and 4.
This third aim will use mixed donor/host hematopoietic chimerism and experimentally-induced leukemia as models of persisting malignant cells and, in collaboration with Project 2, investigate how to enhance graft-vs.-tumor effects without risking GVHD. Project 2 will use genomics approaches to identify canine minor histocompatibility antigens with the goal of discriminating between those antigens whose expression is restricted to hematopoietic cells and those which are ubiquitously expressed. Knowledge generated in this project will increase our understanding of GVHD and graft-vs.-tumor effects. Projects 3 and 4 use allogeneic HCT to treat human patients with advanced hematologic malignancies. The HCT regimen uses truly nonmyeloablative conditioning as evidenced by autologous marrow recovery in those rare patients who reject their grafts. It has minimal early toxicities and, importantly, allows for the purest determination of graft-vs.-tumor effects apart from conditioning and the best determination of GVHD not augmented by regimen-related toxicities. It provides an excellent foundation on which to add disease and disease stage specific modalities, which will include immune manipulations in Project 3 and pharmacological manipulations in Project 4.The public health benefits of the Program are underscored by the fact that, since the clinical introduction of the nonmyeloablative regimen, more than 1,200 patients with various malignant and nonmalignant blood disorders have benefited from treatment by allogeneic HCT who otherwise would have been excluded because of age and co-morbidities. This is especially important since median ages at diagnosis of patients with most candidate diseases range from 65 to 70 years, which is beyond the age range of inclusion in conventional myeloablative HCT regimens.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-J (O1))
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Merritt, William D
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Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
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Walter, R B; Gyurkocza, B; Storer, B E et al. (2015) Comparison of minimal residual disease as outcome predictor for AML patients in first complete remission undergoing myeloablative or nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Leukemia 29:137-44
Walter, Roland B; Sandmaier, Brenda M; Storer, Barry E et al. (2015) Number of courses of induction therapy independently predicts outcome after allogeneic transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in first morphological remission. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 21:373-8
Hoffmeister, Paul A; Storer, Barry E; Baker, K Scott et al. (2014) Nephrolithiasis in pediatric hematopoietic cell transplantation with up to 40 years of follow-up. Pediatr Blood Cancer 61:417-23
Mathes, David W; Chang, Jeff; Hwang, Billanna et al. (2014) Simultaneous transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells and a vascularized composite allograft leads to tolerance. Transplantation 98:131-8
Matesan, Manuela; Rajendran, Joseph; Press, Oliver W et al. (2014) 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan therapy in allogeneic transplantation in B-cell lymphoma with extensive marrow involvement and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: utility of pretransplantation biodistribution. Nucl Med Commun 35:1132-42
Sorror, Mohamed L; Martin, Paul J; Storb, Rainer F et al. (2014) Pretransplant comorbidities predict severity of acute graft-versus-host disease and subsequent mortality. Blood 124:287-95
Gyurkocza, Boglarka; Sandmaier, Brenda M (2014) Conditioning regimens for hematopoietic cell transplantation: one size does not fit all. Blood 124:344-53
Bethge, W A; Kerbauy, F R; Santos, E B et al. (2014) Extracorporeal photopheresis combined with pentostatin in the conditioning regimen for canine hematopoietic cell transplantation does not prevent GVHD. Bone Marrow Transplant 49:1198-204
Sorror, Mohamed L; Storb, Rainer F; Sandmaier, Brenda M et al. (2014) Comorbidity-age index: a clinical measure of biologic age before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. J Clin Oncol 32:3249-56
Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Martin, Paul J; Storer, Barry E et al. (2014) Response endpoints and failure-free survival after initial treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease. Haematologica 99:385-91

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