The principal objective of the Biostatistics Core will be to provide project investigators a centralized resource for biostatistics expertise. Statistical issues will be addressed at all levels of investigation: from the design of experiments, to the maintenance of data quality;and from conclusions based on formal hypothesis testing, to important leads discovered by thorough data exploration. In support of this objective, the specific aims of the Core include: 1. Collaborate with project investigators in the formulation of unambiguous hypotheses and hypothesis testing strategies, and in the design of laboratory experiments and clinical trials. 2. Provide support for all projects with: formal hypothesis tests in experimental and clinical data that ensure strong conclusions;exploratory analyses that lead to further experiments, refined hypotheses, or discoveries;frequent collaborative meetings about improving design, sample size, and resource use as evidence is accumulated;statistical modeling and sensitivity analyses of complex data;and visual displays of data that clarify conclusions and uncover leads. 3. Provide data transfer, management, and integration services that ensure high integrity, security and investigator accessibility. 4. Investigate new methodologies to directly address difficult data or design problems. With this approach and since the last renewal, strong and productive collaborative relationships have developed with the P01 investigators. Evidence of this is in the list of 44 P01 publications over 4.5 years with biostatistician co-authors.

Public Health Relevance

The Biostatistics Core will provide critical support for planning and design of experiments and studies, statistical analyses and display of data, and data management and integrity. This support is designed to ensure that studies yield reliable conclusions, resources are efficiently used, and exploratory analyses uncover important leads.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA095426-13
Application #
8730548
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-08-31
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Ohio State University
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
Columbus
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
43210
Freud, Aharon G; Mundy-Bosse, Bethany L; Yu, Jianhua et al. (2017) The Broad Spectrum of Human Natural Killer Cell Diversity. Immunity 47:820-833
Duggan, Megan C; Stiff, Andrew R; Bainazar, Maryam et al. (2017) Identification of NRAS isoform 2 overexpression as a mechanism facilitating BRAF inhibitor resistance in malignant melanoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:9629-9634
Long, Meixiao; Beckwith, Kyle; Do, Priscilla et al. (2017) Ibrutinib treatment improves T cell number and function in CLL patients. J Clin Invest 127:3052-3064
Victor, Aaron R; Nalin, Ansel P; Dong, Wenjuan et al. (2017) IL-18 Drives ILC3 Proliferation and Promotes IL-22 Production via NF-?B. J Immunol 199:2333-2342
Wesolowski, Robert; Duggan, Megan C; Stiff, Andrew et al. (2017) Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells increase in patients undergoing neo-adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Cancer Immunol Immunother 66:1437-1447
Markowitz, Joseph; Wang, Jiang; Vangundy, Zach et al. (2017) Nitric oxide mediated inhibition of antigen presentation from DCs to CD4+ T cells in cancer and measurement of STAT1 nitration. Sci Rep 7:15424
Campbell, Amanda R; Duggan, Megan C; Suarez-Kelly, Lorena P et al. (2017) MICA-Expressing Monocytes Enhance Natural Killer Cell Fc Receptor-Mediated Antitumor Functions. Cancer Immunol Res 5:778-789
Suarez-Kelly, Lorena P; Campbell, Amanda R; Rampersaud, Isaac V et al. (2017) Fluorescent nanodiamonds engage innate immune effector cells: A potential vehicle for targeted anti-tumor immunotherapy. Nanomedicine 13:909-920
Dai, Hong-Sheng; Griffin, Nathaniel; Bolyard, Chelsea et al. (2017) The Fc Domain of Immunoglobulin Is Sufficient to Bridge NK Cells with Virally Infected Cells. Immunity 47:159-170.e10
McMichael, Elizabeth L; Jaime-Ramirez, Alena Cristina; Guenterberg, Kristan D et al. (2017) IL-21 Enhances Natural Killer Cell Response to Cetuximab-Coated Pancreatic Tumor Cells. Clin Cancer Res 23:489-502

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