The Mammalian Cell Resource (MCR) Core Is designed to serve the Projects comprising the Program in three major areas: (1) To characterize selected mammalian cell lines, as designated by the Project Leaders, with respect to growth characteristics, chemical and radiation sensitivities (clonogenic survival), and verification of drug-resistance phenotypes conferred by genetic markers (e.g., NEC);the MCR will then act as a repository of cryopreserved, characterized mammalian cell lines, free of mycoplasma, for all Projects, ensuring quality control throughout the Program and providing confidence for inter-Project comparsions. (2) To prepare mammalian cell extracts from specific mammalian cell lines as requested by the individual Projects. (3) To provide advice and assistance for the construction of specialized cell lines (i.e., gene knockdown and knock-out) as requested by individual Projects. Thus there are three Specific Aims of the MCR: (1) To characterize, maintain, and distribute as requested mammalian cell lines which are used by the Projects constituting the Program, for the purposes of ensuring quality control and assuring the validity of inter-Project experimental comparisons; (2) To prepare small (up to 2-liter) custom extracts for mammalian cell lines as requested by the Projects, or large (up to 50-liter) extracts from commercially purchased cells provided by individual Projects; (3) To provide advice and technical assistance as appropriate for the construction and characterization of specialized mammalian cell lines such as shRNA knock-down cell lines, gene disruption (knock-out) cell lines, and cell lines with genetic modifications (e.g., minigene-complemented cell lines, APRT- and HPRT-deficient variants, etc.).

Public Health Relevance

This (Research Project/Core) is part of a multicomponent Program Project with the theme of understanding the processing of complex DNA damage by mammalian cells. The significance to human health is to generate new knowledge and paradigms for modeling DNA repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), to improve therapy using ICL-inducing compounds, and to identify new therapeutic targets for cancer treatment.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA097175-10
Application #
8606192
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-GRB-S)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-01-01
Budget End
2014-12-31
Support Year
10
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$112,626
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Department
Type
DUNS #
800772139
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77030
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Mukherjee, Anirban; Vasquez, Karen M (2016) HMGB1 interacts with XPA to facilitate the processing of DNA interstrand crosslinks in human cells. Nucleic Acids Res 44:1151-60
Lange, Sabine S; Tomida, Junya; Boulware, Karen S et al. (2016) The Polymerase Activity of Mammalian DNA Pol ζ Is Specifically Required for Cell and Embryonic Viability. PLoS Genet 12:e1005759
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Tian, Yanyan; Paramasivam, Manikandan; Ghosal, Gargi et al. (2015) UHRF1 contributes to DNA damage repair as a lesion recognition factor and nuclease scaffold. Cell Rep 10:1957-66
Tomida, Junya; Takata, Kei-ichi; Lange, Sabine S et al. (2015) REV7 is essential for DNA damage tolerance via two REV3L binding sites in mammalian DNA polymerase ζ. Nucleic Acids Res 43:1000-11
Zahn, Karl E; Averill, April M; Aller, Pierre et al. (2015) Human DNA polymerase θ grasps the primer terminus to mediate DNA repair. Nat Struct Mol Biol 22:304-11
Takata, Kei-Ichi; Tomida, Junya; Reh, Shelley et al. (2015) Conserved overlapping gene arrangement, restricted expression, and biochemical activities of DNA polymerase ν (POLN). J Biol Chem 290:24278-93
Manandhar, Mandira; Boulware, Karen S; Wood, Richard D (2015) The ERCC1 and ERCC4 (XPF) genes and gene products. Gene 569:153-61
Smith, Stephanie; Fox, Jennifer; Mejia, Marco et al. (2014) Histone deacetylase inhibitors selectively target homology dependent DNA repair defective cells and elevate non-homologous endjoining activity. PLoS One 9:e87203

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