The long-term objective of this program project is to develop new strategies for the treatment of melanoma, based on a mechanistic understanding of key proteins that are associated with the disease and the development of small molecule inhibitors to these proteins. The group proposes to pursue the following goals 1. Target oncogenic BRAF for therapy of melanoma. The oncogenic BRAF mutant, BRAFV600E, has evolved as, arguably, the most important target in melanoma. We will use several approaches to explore the use of BRAF , as a target for therapy: We will: i. Use currently available inhibitors of the MARK pathways with activity for either BRAF or MEK using complex in vitro and orthotopic in vivo models (Project 1);ii. Induce specific cellular immunity against BRAF that leads to tumor growth inhibition in a melanoma model in mice (Project 2);iii. Develop a new generation of inhibitors for BRAFV600E based on the crystal structure of BRAF (Project 3);and iv. Develop new organic inhibitors and a new generation of organometallic inhibitors using a ruthenium pyridocarbazole molecular scaffold to BRAFV600E with increased specificity and efficacy (Projects 3 and 4). We expect the development of new therapies of melanoma that focus on BRAFV600E as a molecular target to result from these combined biological, immunological, structural and chemical studies. 2. Target the PI3 kinase pathway with a new generation of inhibitors and use these in combination with BRAF inhibitors for therapy of melanoma. Based on preliminary studies in project 1, we hypothesize that PI3a kinase pathways are highly important for melanoma cell survival. Projects 3 and 4 combine structural and chemical strategies to identify a novel generation of inhibitors to the PI3Ka/? isoforms. The inhibitors will be developed based on the organometallic scaffold described above for the BRAF kinases (Project 4), and supported by inhibitor screens in vitro (Project 4) and in vivo (Projects 1) and x-ray crystal structures of PI3K? inhibitor complexes (Project 3). In addition, we will explore novel Akt/PKB inhibitors using in vitro and in vivo models and investigate how they synergize with BRAF inhibitors (Projects 1 and 2). 3. Target GSK3? for induction of apoptosis. We have found that targeting GSK3? with organometallic inhibitors (developed in Project 4) has surprising apoptosis-inducing activities on melanoma cells (Project 1). Based on these preliminary studies we will now investigate the mechanisms of apoptosis induction, which may occur through activation of p53 (Project 1). We will also continue to prepare more potent and specific organometallic GSK3? inhibitors in project 4 for treatment of melanoma cells in project 1. Most melanomas are not mutated in GSK3?, but p53 can also be downregulated by HDM2, which is frequently overexpressed in melanoma. Together, the collaborations among members of the Program Project will combine expertise in tumor biology, tumor immunology, biochemistry, chemistry and structural biology to generate unique approaches and reagents for use in melanoma therapy.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA114046-05
Application #
8270012
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-GRB-P (J1))
Program Officer
Arya, Suresh
Project Start
2008-05-16
Project End
2013-08-31
Budget Start
2012-05-01
Budget End
2013-08-31
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$2,395,590
Indirect Cost
$714,848
Name
Wistar Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
075524595
City
Philadelphia
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
19104
Kaur, Amanpreet; Webster, Marie R; Marchbank, Katie et al. (2016) sFRP2 in the aged microenvironment drives melanoma metastasis and therapy resistance. Nature 532:250-4
Budina-Kolomets, Anna; Webster, Marie R; Leu, Julia I-Ju et al. (2016) HSP70 Inhibition Limits FAK-Dependent Invasion and Enhances the Response to Melanoma Treatment with BRAF Inhibitors. Cancer Res 76:2720-30
Lu, Hezhe; Liu, Shujing; Zhang, Gao et al. (2016) Oncogenic BRAF-Mediated Melanoma Cell Invasion. Cell Rep 15:2012-24
Amaravadi, Ravi; Kimmelman, Alec C; White, Eileen (2016) Recent insights into the function of autophagy in cancer. Genes Dev 30:1913-30
Krepler, Clemens; Xiao, Min; Samanta, Minu et al. (2016) Targeting Notch enhances the efficacy of ERK inhibitors in BRAF-V600E melanoma. Oncotarget :
Grasso, Michael; Estrada, Michelle A; Ventocilla, Christian et al. (2016) Chemically Linked Vemurafenib Inhibitors Promote an Inactive BRAF(V600E) Conformation. ACS Chem Biol 11:2876-2888
Shannan, Batool; Chen, Quan; Watters, Andrea et al. (2016) Enhancing the evaluation of PI3K inhibitors through 3D melanoma models. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 29:317-28
Jennis, Matthew; Kung, Che-Pei; Basu, Subhasree et al. (2016) An African-specific polymorphism in the TP53 gene impairs p53 tumor suppressor function in a mouse model. Genes Dev 30:918-30
Chatwichien, Jaruwan; Basu, Subhasree; Budina-Kolomets, Anna et al. (2016) PUMA-dependent apoptosis in NSCLC cancer cells by a dimeric β-carboline. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 26:4884-4887
Krepler, Clemens; Xiao, Min; Sproesser, Katrin et al. (2016) Personalized Preclinical Trials in BRAF Inhibitor-Resistant Patient-Derived Xenograft Models Identify Second-Line Combination Therapies. Clin Cancer Res 22:1592-602

Showing the most recent 10 out of 87 publications