The concept of antigen specific TCR transduced lymphocytes for adoptive immunotherapy is gaining increasing support. For this to become a reality, however, the biology and in vivo response of these cells to the host environment, including tolerance, antigen presentation, and tumor microenvironment will have to be carefully delineated. Our translational research group recently has developed a series of novel observations/reagents to address this issue. First, we have observed that cyclophosphamide (CTX) preconditioning induces post-lymphopenia expansion of DC in the PBL. Second, we have delineated that IL- 12 conditioning during in vitro priming is able to promote the acquisition of an early effector (TEA) like phenotype. Both are associated with enhanced anti-tumor responses in vivo. Third, our program collaborator (Dr. Shikar Mehrotra) has successfully created a TCR transgenic mouse (termed h3T) which expresses functional melanoma antigen (tyrosinase) specific human TCR in peripheral CD8+ T cells thus providing a source of naive endogenous T cells expressing tyrosinase specific TCR and TCR transduced T cells of the same specificity. We hypothesize that combining the antigen specific response of TCR transduced CD8+ T cells with an environment which promotes DC function will result in the generation of more effective anti-tumor immunity. Therefore, we propose the following:
Specific Aim 1 will define the impact of homeostatic proliferation and mechanisms of IL-12 conditioning on TCR transduced T cell survival and function in a tumor bearing host. We will then assess the mechanisms by which IL-12 conditioning impacts on TCR transduced and h3T transgenic T cell survival looking specifically at CTLA-4, PD-1 signaling.
Specific Aim 2 will define the TCR transduced CD8+ T cell response to antigen presentation in an environment which promotes DC function evaluating both the post-lymphopenia expansion of DC environment, and also with a limited lymphopenia post CD8+ antibody depletion. PBL from the phase I clinical trial will be used to confirm our preclinical data for both aims. Finally, Specific Aim 3 will determine the optimal conditions required to induce a robust memory TCR transduced CD8+ T cell response in a tumor bearing environment evaluating the mechanisms affecting in vivo TCR transduced CD8+ T cells responses We will then define the therapeutic efficacy of TCR transduced T-cells adoptively transferred into a tumor bearing mouse. Using these novel tools to probe the mechanisms involved in the in vivo response of TCR transduced T cells to the host environment should provide an ability to design more effective adoptive immunotherapy protocols.

Public Health Relevance

We have shown that eliminating the white blood cells in a tumor bearing mouse leads to a rapid repopulation of dendritic cells capable of activating and enhancing the function of adoptively transferred T cells. In this Project, we will examine the effect of these dendritic cells on TCR transduced T cells.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-RPRB-J)
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Loyola University Chicago
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Wang, Yuan; Singh, Nishant K; Spear, Timothy T et al. (2017) How an alloreactive T-cell receptor achieves peptide and MHC specificity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E4792-E4801
Spear, Timothy T; Wang, Yuan; Foley, Kendra C et al. (2017) Critical biological parameters modulate affinity as a determinant of function in T-cell receptor gene-modified T-cells. Cancer Immunol Immunother 66:1411-1424
Foley, Kendra C; Spear, Timothy T; Murray, David C et al. (2017) HCV T Cell Receptor Chain Modifications to Enhance Expression, Pairing, and Antigen Recognition in T Cells for Adoptive Transfer. Mol Ther Oncolytics 5:105-115
Spear, Timothy T; Callender, Glenda G; Roszkowski, Jeffrey J et al. (2016) TCR gene-modified T cells can efficiently treat established hepatitis C-associated hepatocellular carcinoma tumors. Cancer Immunol Immunother 65:293-304
Banerjee, Anirban; Thyagarajan, Krishnamurthy; Chatterjee, Shilpak et al. (2016) Lack of p53 Augments Antitumor Functions in Cytolytic T Cells. Cancer Res 76:5229-5240
Blevins, Sydney J; Pierce, Brian G; Singh, Nishant K et al. (2016) How structural adaptability exists alongside HLA-A2 bias in the human ?? TCR repertoire. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113:E1276-85
Klarquist, Jared; Eby, Jonathan M; Henning, Steven W et al. (2016) Functional cloning of a gp100-reactive T-cell receptor from vitiligo patient skin. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 29:379-84
Hellman, Lance M; Yin, Liusong; Wang, Yuan et al. (2016) Differential scanning fluorimetry based assessments of the thermal and kinetic stability of peptide-MHC complexes. J Immunol Methods 432:95-101
Spear, Timothy T; Nagato, Kaoru; Nishimura, Michael I (2016) Strategies to genetically engineer T cells for cancer immunotherapy. Cancer Immunol Immunother 65:631-49
Sandri, Sara; Bobisse, Sara; Moxley, Kelly et al. (2016) Feasibility of Telomerase-Specific Adoptive T-cell Therapy for B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Solid Malignancies. Cancer Res 76:2540-51

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