Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) belongs to the lymphotropic gamma herpesviridae. In immunocompromised patients, such as organ transplant recipients and AIDS patients, KSHV infection is invariantly associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, a skin angiogenic neoplasm. Additionally, KSHV is the etiological agent for two rare lymphoproliferative diseases, primary effusion lymphoma and multicentric Castleman's disease. The oncogenic potential and relatively ubiquitous infection imposes an eminent health threat worldwide. Understanding fundamental virology and host immune response are two sides of the same coins of KSHV infection and will pave new avenues to treat KSHV-associated malignancies. Innate immunity is the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Recent advances have outlined the framework of signal transduction in mounting host innate immune response. However, the specific functions of key innate immune components, e.g., the IKK-related kinase IKKe, remain contentious. We have recently discovered that the IKKs kinase restricts gamma herpesvirus lytic replication and enables latent/persistent infection. This study proposes to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which the IKKE kinase negates KSHV lytic replication, thereby enabling persistent infection! We will characterize virus-host interactions involving the IKKe kinase (Aim 1), define the regulatory action of IKKs on KSHV lytic replication (Aim 2), and finally assess the roles of IKKe and viral interactions thereof in KSHV persistent infection using a "humanized" mouse model. This proposal entails a powerful reverse genetic system to perturb virus-host interactions and investigate the roles of these interactions in KSHV lytic replication and persistent infection. The application of lytic replicating system and an animal model will identify key interactions and define mutual regulations of in vivo KSHV infection, instructing us on new ways to contain KSHV infection.
Viral infection accounts for approximately 15% of cancers worldwide. Human herpesviruses are ubiquitous pathogens and, particularly, gamma herpesviruses are capable of promoting tumor formation under immuno-suppressed conditions. Our studies strive to investigate ways how viruses interact with host immune system, with an emphasis in viral surviving, evading, and even exploiting innate immune responses.
|Rodgers, Mary A; Bowman, James W; Fujita, Hiroaki et al. (2014) The linear ubiquitin assembly complex (LUBAC) is essential for NLRP3 inflammasome activation. J Exp Med 211:1333-47|
|Yan, Qin; Ma, Xinting; Shen, Chenyou et al. (2014) Inhibition of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus lytic replication by HIV-1 Nef and cellular microRNA hsa-miR-1258. J Virol 88:4987-5000|
|Brulois, Kevin; Toth, Zsolt; Wong, Lai-Yee et al. (2014) Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 and K5 ubiquitin E3 ligases have stage-specific immune evasion roles during lytic replication. J Virol 88:9335-49|
|Shi, Mude; Cho, Hyelim; Inn, Kyung-Soo et al. (2014) Negative regulation of NF-?B activity by brain-specific TRIpartite Motif protein 9. Nat Commun 5:4820|
|Zhu, Ying; Huang, Yufei; Jung, Jae U et al. (2014) Viral miRNA targeting of bicistronic and polycistronic transcripts. Curr Opin Virol 7:66-72|
|Brulois, Kevin; Jung, Jae U (2014) Interplay between Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and the innate immune system. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev 25:597-609|
|Jones, Tiffany; Ramos da Silva, Suzane; Bedolla, Roble et al. (2014) Viral cyclin promotes KSHV-induced cellular transformation and tumorigenesis by overriding contact inhibition. Cell Cycle 13:845-58|
|Lee, Myung-Shin; Jones, Tiffany; Song, Dae-Yong et al. (2014) Exploitation of the complement system by oncogenic Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus for cell survival and persistent infection. PLoS Pathog 10:e1004412|
|Full, Florian; Jungnickl, Doris; Reuter, Nina et al. (2014) Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus tegument protein ORF75 is essential for viral lytic replication and plays a critical role in the antagonization of ND10-instituted intrinsic immunity. PLoS Pathog 10:e1003863|
|Liang, Qiming; Seo, Gil Ju; Choi, Youn Jung et al. (2014) Crosstalk between the cGAS DNA sensor and Beclin-1 autophagy protein shapes innate antimicrobial immune responses. Cell Host Microbe 15:228-38|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 15 publications